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Rollinia

Rollinia's is grown best in warm subtropical to tropical conditions, intolerant of fruit cool conditions, hotness as low as 3 degrees can kill young trees. High humidity is always necessary for pollination and regular water is essential during flowering and fruit to avoid early ripening of the fruits.


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ROLLINIA FRUIT


Appearance- The Rollinia fruit is in large shape, rounded structure, covered in pointy protuberant cores that begin to turn black in color as the fruit ripens. Fruit tastes are sweet and pleasant; some compare its flavor to "lemon meringue pie." Fruits are highly unpreserved, begins to blacken slowly within the hours of harvesting. For this reasons it is not exported, and is only seen where the trees are grown and in the nearby countries. Comes from the Amazon area and it is a member of the Custard Apple family.


Taste-This Fruit has a taste sensation with the fruit tasting of creamy lemon sherbet and lemon meringue pie. The large yellow fruit with bumpy surface and soft spines.

Scientific Name:Rollinia deliciosa



Folkloric
  • The fruit is eaten with other fresh fruits and it is fermented to make wine in Brazil.
  • Rollinia fruit is usually consumed fresh, but it can also be used to make juices, milkshakes, ice cream and wine etc..,
  • The wood of the tree is always in yellow color, hard, heavy, and strong and is used for ribs for canoes, boat masts, boards and boxes.
  • The fruits are regarded as refrigerant, and its analeptic and antiscorbutic. The powdered seeds are said to be a remedy for enterocolitis.



Rollinia-plant

Type of 65 tropical American trees and shrubs are belonging to the family Annonaceae. Many have edible fruits that are similar in flavor and appearance to those of Annona. Two species, both called rollinia by some of the authorities, are cultivated for their fruit. Most species of Rollinia are spined or segmented, green-skinned, small trees, with fruits about 7.6 cm across.

The flowers have three spur like structures which are the outside petals and three minute structures which are the inner petals. Fast growing tree from 10-40ft in height. It grows naturally in warm, damp regions of the tropics and will not survive in freezing temperatures. Its northern limit is probably extreme South Florida.


Rollinia Varieties

Click on the below Rollinia you wish to find about




The various Rollinia are distinguished as botanical species rather than as cultivars. The following are those most utilized for food:



Soursop-Fruit
  • Origin: Tropical America
  • Family: Annonaceae
  • Botanical Name: Annona muricata
  • Varieties: about nine, differing in shape, texture in flavors
  • Season: almost all the year round
  • Tree: height; up to 10 m
  • Fruit: length:12 - 24 cm; weight: 400 - 800 gm

  Soursopfruit is native to the West Indies, Central America, down to Brazil and it is a common fruit in tropical Asia nowadays. This fruit can be oval or irregular heart shaped. Some cultivars are enormous, almost the size of a watermelon. It is dark green in color when unripe, and will turn yellowish-green in color and slightly soft when ripe. Black marks on the fruit will start to appear and that indicates the fruit is over-ripened.



Cherimoya-Fruit
Common Names: Cherimoya (U.S., Latin America), Custard Apple (U.K. and Commonwealth), Chirimoya, Chirimolla.

The cherimoyafruit is a species of native to the Andean-highland valleys of Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru. It is deciduous fruit or semi-evergreen plant or small tree reaching about 7 m tall. The leaves are various, and simple growth with 7 - 15 cm long and 6 - 10 cm broad. The flowers are produced in small groups, each flower 2 - 3 cm with six petals, yellow-brown in color, often spotted purple at the base when ripens. It is the most delicious fruit known from “Men”. The fruit is oval, frequently rather oblique, 10 - 20 cm in long and 7 -10 cm in diameter, with a smooth or slightly tuberculated skin. The fruit flesh is white, and has a numerous seeds embedded within it.



Sugar-Apple
Sugar Apple is a "Sweetsop". It is most widely cultivated of all the species of Annona, being grown widely throughout the tropicals and warmer subtropicals. It is a deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub or small tree with a height of 8 m. The leaves looks simple, oblong-lanceolate, 7-12 cm long and 3-4 cm broad in length. The flowers are formed in clusters of 3-4, each flower, with six petals, yellow-green spotted purple at the bottom.


Atemoya-Fruit
TheAtemoya fruit is a tropical fruit that is created from the atemoya tree, which is a medium sized tree that also bears beautiful flowers. Atemoya trees and fruits are native to South America, still, they are also found the growth in the West Indies and in Florida, USA.

The atemoya is a cross between the tropical fruits cherimoya and sugar apple, the latter of which the atemoya resembles in appearance as Atemoya. Because the atemoya is a one of type of hybrid fruit its seeds are not used for its reproduction. Instead, grafting is used. In addition, this crossing of two other fruit types to make the atemoya has resulted in a hearty and unique fruit.



  • A 100g portion of the Rollinia fruit is high in Vitamins C, B1 and B2, niacin, protien, iron, phosphorus, calcium and fibre.
  • The fruit is observed as refrigerant, analeptic and antiscorbutic. The powdered seeds of the fruit are said to be a remedy for enterocolitis.



Fruit comparison tables. Overview of vitamin and mineral content including nutrition charts of the Rollinia fruits.

Nutritive value per 100 g of Rollinia
Principle Nutritive value
Calories 80
Protein 2.8 g
Carbohydrates 23 g
Fat 2.1 g
Dietary fibre 1.3 g
Vitamin B1 0.04 mg
Vitamin B2 0.04 mg
Vitamin C 30 mg
Calcium 24 mg
Phosphorus 26 mg
Iron 1.2 mg
Niacin 0.5 mg
Thiamine 0.6 g



How-to-eat-Fruit

The Rollinia fruit is sometimes called the Amazon Custard Apple because it is very popular in Western Amazonia. The fruit is not especially sweet like a custard apple; however, it is tangy like the Soursop. It falls somewhere in between, is having a mild of sweetness with a hint of lemons. Its taste and slightly gluggy feel suggests its likeness to a delicious lemon meringue.

Unfortunately this truly fabulous fruit has to turn yellow in color and ripen on the tree before it is harvested. This will give it a very short shelf life, so it is not likely to be sold to the public except at local farmers’ markets.

Rollinia has a more protein in it than almost any other kind of fruits. It is also an excellent source of calcium, phosphorous, iron and vitamin C.

Rollinia is highly prized and is even used for wine making in some areas of Brazil. In folk medicine the fruit is used as a cooling and soothing agent to relieve fevers and internal irritations.

rollinia-infographics





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