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Bignay Fruit


Introduction of Bignay fruit


            Scientific name - Antidesma bunius


Bignay fruit, indigenous to Southeast Asia and northern Australia has its roots in the family Phyllanthaceae. Commonly recognized by several names such as Bignay, bugnay, bignai, Queensland cherry, wild cherry, currant tree and more, Antidesma bunius is the scientific name of the bignay fruit. Having the potential to reach just about 30 meters height, it is classified under the category of a variable plant and it can be short or tall and erect. The evergreen leaves of the tree are large oval shaped and leathery that ranges about 20cm long and seven inches wide as a matter of fact, they are shrubby in nature. Fond to the twigs of the tree with diminutive petioles, it creates a dense canopy. The skin of the fruit is emaciated and rough, however yields a profusion of bright-red juice, which is prone to stains on fabrics.


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Nutritional Value of Bignay fruit


Moisture 91.11-94.80 g
Protein 0.75 g
Ash 0.57-0.78 g
Calcium 0.12 mg
Phosphorus 0.04 mg
Iron 0.001 mg
Thiamine 0.031 mg
Riboflavin 0.072 mg
Niacin 0.53 mg

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Health Benefits of Bignay fruit


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Treat Syphilis
Antidote for Snake Bites
Help to Lose Weight:

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Climate and Culture


Despite itís not strictly tropical, it has established to be resilient up to central Florida. Flowering well, sources say that it does not set out any fruit particularly in Israel.

In order to provide cross-pollination, for every 10 to 12 females, one male tree is planted. When the trees are not that matured enough, wind-protection is desirable. Requiring less cultural attention, it is believed that the trees are spaced 40 to 45 ft (12-14m) apart, each way for it to thrive well.


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Propagation


As far as the propagation method is concerned, it is believed that vegetative propagation method is preferred, seeing that seedlings may turn out to be male and female saplings which may not bear for a number of years and as a matter of fact; many seeds are non-viable in Florida. Some of the other methods of propagation include cuttings, grafting or air-layering.


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