Scientific name - Ziziphus zizyphus
Ziziphus jujube is otherwise referred as jujube, red date, Chinese date, Korean date, or Indian date. This species belongs to the family of Rhamnaceae. The tree typically grows 5–12 metres (16–39 ft) long and usually appears as a shrub with thorny branches. It has shiny-green leaves measuring 2–7 centimetres (0.79–2.76 in) wide and 1–3 centimetres (0.39–1.18 in) broad with toothed edges at its margin.
The fruit is completely edible and measures 1.5–3 centimetres (0.59–1.18 in) deep. The tender fruit appears in smooth-green color and possess a taste similar to that of an apple. Ripened fruits have wrinkled rind with brown tint. This fruit is used to heal chronic constipation and also acts as an effective agent in fighting against neonatal jaundice.
|Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)|
|Energy||331 kJ (79 kcal)|
|Vitamin A equiv.||(5%) 40 µg|
|Thiamine (B1)||(2%) 0.02 mg|
|Riboflavin (B2)||(3%) 0.04 mg|
|Niacin (B3)||(6%) 0.9 mg|
|Vitamin B6||(6%) 0.081 mg|
|Vitamin C||(83%) 69 mg|
|Calcium||(2%) 21 mg|
|Iron||(4%) 0.48 mg|
|Magnesium||(3%) 10 mg|
|Manganese||(4%) 0.084 mg|
|Phosphorus||(3%) 23 mg|
|Potassium||(5%) 250 mg|
|Sodium||(0%) 3 mg|
|Zinc||(1%) 0.05 mg|
Jujube is endemic to South Asia and it can grow well in versatile climatic conditions as it could tolerate wide range of temperature and rainfall. The species is capable of surviving from milder climates to hot deserts and can tolerate even extreme cold temperature of -15 °C (5 °F). Jujube can survive not only in all climatic conditions but also in different regions such as mountain or desert habitats. More than five species of Ziziphus jujuba is grown abundance in Asia and Africa.
The fruit is used as a traditional medicine in parts of Chinese and Korean regions. Jujube is used to alleviate stress and acts as a powerful antifungal, antibacterial, antiulcer, anti-inflammatory, sedative, antispastic, antifertility/contraception, hypotensive and antinephritic, cardiotonic, antioxidant and immunostimulant agent. Researches proved that the fruit helps in curing chronic constipation, neonatal jaundice, treat cold, flu and coughing. As the fruit is mucilaginous it is used to treat sore throats.