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Leucaena


Introduction of Leucaena fruit


            Scientific name - Leucaena leucocephala


Leucocephala is a species of flowering plants in the genre Mimosoideae of the legume family Fabaceae. Indigenous to the Americas from Texas in the United States south to Peru, it holds just about 24 varieties of trees and shrubs; they are generally referred to as Lead trees. The non-specific or common name is derived from the Greek word (leukos) which means “white” and it refers to the flowers. Seeing that the flowers are self-fertile, most seeds result from self-pollination. As long as dampness prevails, flowering and fruiting will be present all through the year and it is coupled with inhibition of vegetative growth. The fruit is expected to ripe, within 10 to 15 weeks.


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Nutritional Value of Leucaena fruit


Calories 59
Moisture 80.7
Protein 8.4 g
Fat 0.9 g
Total Carbohydrate 8.8 g
Fiber 3.8 g
Ash 1.2 g
Ca 137 mg
P 11 mg
Fe 9.2 mg
Riboflavin 0.09 mg
Niacin 5.4 mg
Ascorbic acid 8 mg


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Leucaena fruit Uses


During the 1970’s and 80’s, for its multiple uses, the tree was promoted as a miracle tree. Most importantly, they are a good source of quality animal feed. Ever since ancient times, unripe seeds and pods of all varieties have been used by the local inhabitants of Mexico and Central America as a medicine or food; In Thailand, young shoots are used by the villagers as a food.

The pods are edible; however only young pods are edible. These pods are occasionally consumed with Javanese vegetable salads together with spicy peanut sauce in Indonesia. Not only they are useful for human consumption, with regards to forage and fodder, the legume acts as a great source of high-protein cattle fodder. Having said that, they are also valued for its ruminant forage and as a fuel wood throughout Southeast Asia and parts of central Asia and Africa


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Health Benefits of Leucaena fruit


Loaded with medicinal properties, the seeds of leucocephala have the power to control stomachache, as contraception and abortifacient.

In tablet formulation, the seed gum is used as a binder. The plant is believed to be a worm repellent and L. leucocephala is also used in treating fevers, flu, colds in addition they are also used to reduce back pain and menstrual cramps.


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