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Marula Fruit


Introduction of Marula Fruit


            Scientific name - Sclerocarya birrea


Sclerocarya birrea, commonly known as the Marula is a medium-sized dioecious tree, native to the Miombo woodlands of Southern Africa, the Sudano-Sahelian range of West Africa, and Madagascar. Set apart by a grey mottled bark, with a wide scattering crown, this single stemmed tree grows up to 18m tall mostly in low altitudes and open woodlands.

The succulent fruit is tart, strong and distinctively flavored; moreover, contains high amount of Vitamin C content, just about eight times more than the amount found in an orange. Inside view- thick-walled stone, that is walnut sized. Marula fruit that ripens between December and March have a light yellow skin with flesh thatís white in color. When dry, it exposes the seeds by shedding 2 sometimes 3 tiny circular plugs at one end. The seeds are very delicate and exude a nutty flavor that is sought-after by small rodents.


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Nutritional Value of Marula Fruit


The fruits are rich in

Vitamin C
Oleic acid
Antioxidants

The nuts are nutritious and contain high levels of:

Minerals like iron, magnesium, zinc, phosphorus and copper.
Protein
Energy



Moisture 4.0
Ash 3.8
Protein (g/100g) 28.3
Fat (g/100g) 57.3
Fibre (g/100g) 2.9
Carbohydrates (g/100g) 3.7
Energy Values (KJ/100g) 2703
Ca (mg/100g) 118
Mg (mg/100g) 462
Fe (mg/100g) 4.87
Na (mg/100g) 3.81
K (mg/100g) 601
Cu (mg/100g) 2.81
Zn (mg/100g) 5.19
P (mg/100g) 808
Thiamine (mg/100g) 0.42
Riboflavin (mg/100g) 0.12
Nicotinic Acid (mg/100g) 0.72

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Health benefits of Marula Fruit


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Loaded with protein and fat, the seeds give out a subtle nutty flavor and contain antioxidants and oleic acid. As far as the bark of the tree is concerned, they are useful in the treatment of more than two disorders like dysentery, diarrhea, moreover they are used as prophylaxis for malaria. A concoction of inner bark of the tree is used to scorpion stings and snake bites; it is believed to alleviate pain. Having said that, the green leaves of the tree is said to relieve heartburn. Oil extracted from the fruit of marula acts as a great skin care agent. Itís an all-natural skin smoothing agent that helps for a soft and supple skin. Containing high levels of essential fatty acids and important anti-oxidants it offers advanced skin protection against photo aging.

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Harvesting


Turning yellow when ripe, the fruits ripe anytime between mid January and mid March and fall; the fruits of the tree are collected from under the trees. When the outer shell becomes dry the nuts are collected, if not one has to crack the shell to take out the nut thatís edible.

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