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Surinam Cherry


Introduction of Surinam Cherry


            Scientific name - Eugenia uniflora


The Surinam cherry falls under the category of Myrtaceae which has its origin from tropical South America’s east coast, they are big shrubs which are small sized trees which is cone shaped, grows to a height of 8 meters, the leaves have a bronze, their color is found to be similar to that of the copper or also copper-pinkish sometimes, after fully growing they turn out to be dark green with a shiny finish having a length of 4 cm. At the time of winter they become red, the fruits are found to be ribbed with a diameter of 2-4 c, initially green, after which it becomes orange, scarlet and maroon after ripening, their taste varies from sweet to sour based on the species and the amount of ripeness it has attained, the deep red to black tastes to be very sweet, the green to orange ones are very tart, they are mostly preferred for adding flavors to jams and also jellies, the fruit contains large amounts of Vitamin C content in it and also contains vitamin A in it.


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Nutritional Value of Surinam Cherry


Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 138 kJ (33 kcal)
Carbohydrates 7.49 g
Fat 0.4 g
Protein 0.8 g
Vitamins
Vitamin A equiv. (9%) 75 µg
Thiamine (B1) (3%) 0.03 mg
Riboflavin (B2) (3%) 0.04 mg
Niacin (B3) (2%) 0.3 mg
Vitamin C (32%) 26.3 mg
Trace metals
Calcium (1%) 9 mg
Iron (2%) 0.2 mg
Magnesium (3%) 12 mg
Phosphorus (2%) 11 mg
Potassium (2%) 103 mg
Sodium (0%) 3 mg


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Health Benefits of Surinam Cherry


These fruits possess anti-stringent and antiseptic properties.

They are used to eradicate the symptoms of diarrhea and solves gastro-intestinal problems.

The fruits aid in the treatment of common cold.

The Surinam fruits contents contain antioxidants a rich source of vitamin contents, the antioxidants aid in eradicating the unwanted free radical productions, if the free radicals production are not stopped these radicals will stimulate inflammation and some more diseases too. These antioxidants are needed for eliminating too much of oxidation which is not good for the health. A research by University of Erlangen-Nurnberg shows that the contents of the fruit lessen inflammation.

The fruits aid in the proper functioning of pulmonary artery and therefore aids in upgrading the lungs accurate functioning of lungs.


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Climate of Surinam Cherry


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These plants grow well in the tropical and subtropical climatic conditions. They survive at a sea-level of 3,300 ft which is 1,000m in Philippines, in the regions of Guatemala they can survive at a sea-level of 6,000ft which is 1,800m. The immature plants cannot survive at temperatures falling below 28º F which is -2.22º C which causes injuries in the plants, but properly grown ones can tolerate 22º F which is -5.56º C but causes minor injuries in the outer most parts of the plant. The plant can survive in open sun. They need only medium rainfall since their roots are deeply rooted they can live in a dry season which lasts for a long time.

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Propagation


The plants propagate mainly through their seeds, they are found to be feasible for a months time and the germination process takes place for a maximum of 3-4 weeks, the seedlings are used for the process of transplantation, the layering process is progressive in the country of India. Their seedlings are topworked for making them the best preferred ones through the side- or cleft-grafting, but suckers could occur at the grafts bottom.

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Culture


The seedlings growth are gradual in nature, a few bears fruit in its second year itself, a few might bear fruit only in the fifth or sixth year at sometimes even in the tenth year if the plants environment is not good. The production is very good only if they are left unpruned, production is more good if they are closely clipped in the hedges, the plants must be feed with a proper fertilizer formula that improves the fruit production in a quarterly basis, the plants give good production after the process of irrigation. The fruits size increases and also has a sweet taste if properly watered.

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Harvesting


The fruits grow faster and ripens very soon exactly following 3 weeks of flower blooming, in the country of Brazil, the flowers bloom during the month of September and their fruits ripen during the month of October, again they are found to bloom in the months of December and also January, in the regions of Florida and Bahamas they are known to be a spring-crop generally yielding in the months of March or April till the months of May or June and gives output in the months starting from September till November which is the season of Spring and also there is a good rainfall at this time.

The fruits must be harvested only when they have ripened properly they seem to light when they are handled else they are resinous which is not possibly preferred, they must be picked two times per day.

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