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Sycamore fig


Introduction of Sycamore fig


            Scientific name - Ficus sycomorus


The Sycamore with a scientific name Ficus sycomorus which grows to a height of 20 m and a width of 6m having crowded branches which are very thick, their leaves are found to have a heart shape with its tip which is rounded, the leaves have a length of 14cm and a width of 10 cm and the leaves have a spiral arrangement surrounding the twig, their leaves are found to have a bright green color at the top and yellow colored veins of a light shade makes the veins visible enough. The leaves surfaces are not smooth and are rugged, the length of the petiole is 0.5-3 cm covered with soft hairs. The fruit is big in its size and is consumable with a diameter of 2-3 cm after ripening the fruit turns out to be buff-green and later to be yellow or also red; usually they are formed in dense groups in the longest branches also in the axils. The process of flower production and also fruit production takes place throughout the year, maximum yield is obtained in the months between July and December, and their bark has a green-yellow to orange color, exhibiting papery kinds of stripes which expose a yellow inner bark within. Similar to many of the figs they too have latex.


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Nutritional Value of Sycamore fig


Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 310 kJ (74 kcal)
Carbohydrates 19 g
Sugars 16 g
Dietary fiber 3 g
Fat 0.3 g
Protein 0.8 g


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Uses of Sycamore fig


The fully developed fruits can be taken raw, can be stewed, made to dry and kept in storage for using it after some time. They help in making an alcoholic beverage. The leaves aid in the preparation of soups and also some groundnut dishes, the combination of kola nut and the trees bark are chewed jointly. In the country of Ghana, the ash of the wood is utilized instead of salt, the trees wood is utilized as firewood and aids in production of charcoal, the piece of dry wood from this particular tree aids as a base block for inducing fire using the friction method, many people in the continent of Africa make use of this method.

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Ecology


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The trees fall under the savannah trees category mostly grows well in the regions where the water table is higher, they are mostly found adjacent to the streams, rivers, swaps and also waterholes, these plants cannot tolerate frost, they can tolerate cold to a certain extent. These trees can be seen in the afro-montane rain forests and also some undifferentiated afro-montane forests, majorly in the edges and also in the clearings, forests found near the rivers, also in the riparian woodlands acting as an interface between land and a river, subordinate for evergreen bushlands; kept as solitaire trees in the farmlands also found as solitaire trees in the rocky lands.


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Health Benefits of Sycamore fig


The trees bark aids in solving the complications of scrofula a form of tuberculosis, throat and also chest based problems. Milky fluid found in the plant aids in curing dysentery and also some chest based diseases, burns in the skin, ringworms in the skin are also cured by applying the combination of bark and the milky fluid in the plant. The leaves of the plant help in the treatment of jaundice and aids as an antidote for the problem of snakebite, their roots contain laxative and also anthelmintic properties, the other medicinal applications of the tree are healing the lung ailments, sore throats, inflammation and also diarrhea. The following methods are practiced traditionally.

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Propagation


Propagation of the fig plants usually take place with the help of cuttings. For propagation foot-long pieces of the inactive wood are utilized must be under a diameter of 1 inch, the base wood must be of two years of age, the twigs which are one year old having a heel of a branch which is of two years in age can be utilized too. The cuttings are immersed into a rooting hormone and left for callus growth in a place containing moisture content with a temperature of 50-60 F, cuttings can also be made in the summer seasons but the plants leaves must be removes and kept in cold climatic conditions under refrigeration for maximum of 2-3 weeks before they are potted. The leafy shoots must be kept in mist beds. Some exceptional cultivars are propagated through rootstocks, old trees, they are topworked by whipping, methods of cleft and crown grafting is followed, further more chip or also patch budding is done. The cuttings which are rooted must be domesticated at a height of 22 to 30 feet squares, relies on the soils ability and also the trees size. The plants roots must be kept moist till they are domesticated, the immature plants must not be used for transplantation or not disturbed mainly in the time of spring since they tend to die. After the trees are planted they must be cut to 2 ft and also the tree’s trunk must be whitewashed.

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Harvesting


At the crop’s major season at the time of October 2000 till January 2001 the place got only 290.4mm of rainfall which is very much low in comparison with 821. 6 which was the rainfall received in the same season a year ahead, Out of a total of 6 farmers only 3 got coffee harvest only two farmers out of three got some coffee beneath the fig trees no more than that. The minor crop season in the period ranging from April to June in the year of 2001 2 farmers out of a total of 6 got a mild harvest as the coffee did not retrieve from the drought which occurred earlier. There was no harvest in a farm since no yield was obtained in the regions surrounding the fig tree canopy.

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