All Fruits A-Z
all about fruits about fruitsinfo fruits facts Fruits Recipes contact fruitsinfo fruit kids

Home » Tropical fruits » Babaco


Common name - Babaco, Mountain Papaya are the few names in which Babaco is known by.

Origin - The babaco is known to have originated in the central south highlands of Ecuador.

Scientific Name:Vasconcellea heilbornii

Appearance - Babaco is an attractive torpedo shaped fruit with an effervescent flesh hence it is also called the champagne fruit . When sliced crosswise, the facets of this fruit gives a pentagonal outline which gives it the scientific name of Carica pentagona. The texture of this golden fruit is very light and refreshing. The babaco fruit is just like a papaw with a single, knobbly stem dividing into two or more branches at the top. It bears a few large, sparse flowers and lobed leaves which forms on the trunk and branches.

Nutrients in Babaco

Babáco is best eaten raw. It contains three times the amount of papain as in papaya and is considered as an excellent source of vitamin A and C.  Our body needs vitamin C which mainly helps to heal wounds and also to maintain healthy gums.


Vitamins (100g of babaco)
Ascorbic acid 23-32 mg
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 0.02 - 0.03 mg
Riboflavin 0.02 - 0.06 mg
Niacin 0.5 - 1.1 mg
Vitamin A 0.16-2.0 IU
Vitamin C 23 mg
Minerals (100g of babaco)
Phosphorus 7.7 - 17.1 mg
Calcium 8 - 12.1 mg
Sodium 1.3 - 3.0 mg
Potassium 132 - 220 mg
Iron 0.3 - 4.2 mg
Magnesium 6.0 - 15.4 mg
Carbohydrate 4.6 - 6.0 g
Lipid(fat) 0.02 - 0.3 g
Protein 0.7 - 1.3 g
Water 93 - 94 g


1) The capacity of a matured babaco tree is nearly between 38 to 100 fruits per year.
2) Fruits are harvested only when they lose their green colour and turn yellow all over.
3) Babacos require a very warm, humid climate and perfect drainage. They are not tolerant to strong winds and hot dry conditions.
4) All babacos are female and do not require pollination, which means all the fruits are seedless.
5) The babaco plant has an average life span of about eight years.
6) The babaco plant is damaged by air frost, and sometimes will be killed in severe air frosts.
7) Babaco fruits may get damaged easily, hence it should be handled very carefully.

Babaco - disease controller

Babacos are remarkably tough and disease-resistant. They are very susceptible to root rot diseases when they become saturated with water or full of water. Severe root rot diseases in babacos can only be treated by chopping down the plant and either treating the soil with a fungicide or,chopping out the whole root system and leaving the ground empty by without planting any other fruit tree there for at least a year.

Prolonged humidity can also bring on powdery mildew, which coats the leaves in a pale, powdery substance. This can be easily treated with either milk sprays (one part milk to 10 parts water) every 10 days or a commercial brand remedy. Prevention is always better than cure – good drainage, plenty of light, and good air circulation around the plants will prevent the trees from the occurence of such problems. Babacos need humidity to set fruit. Crowding them to together may cause the fungal problems to develop.

The major pests affecting the babaco fruit and the tree are the

  • Two spotted mite - Tetranychus uraticae
  • Strawberry mite - Tetranychus atlanticus
Controlling these diseases is very difficult since most miticides are phytotoxic to babaco leaves. Predatory mites may give reasonable control. Slugs and the California brown snail may damage the fruit and must be controlled.

How to buy fresh Babacoes?

To get the full Nutrients, babaco should be eaten when completely ripe, hence look for fruit that are completely yellow in colour, with no such green patches over it. The skin of the babaco should be smooth with no splits or blemishes on it. Once ripe, consume babacoes as soon as possible, or store it in the fridge for a maximum of 2 to 3 days.

The babaco’s skin is edible, so all you need to do is wash and dry the fruit before consuming. It will ripen quickly at room temperature, especially if placed in a brown paper bag. Refrigerate ripe fruit and consume it as soon as possible. The fruit is not especially acidic but contains papain, a proteolytic enzyme, which may cause mild irritation or "burns".

Despite this one of the most attractive features of the babaco is its excellent storage quality. Even without cool storage the fruit has a shelf-life of four weeks. Fruit that has been damaged will still keep a long time, since the damaged part will not affect the healthy tissue. Storing the fruit in a cool place extends the life of the fruit. Optimum storage temperature is 40° F.

Look for : Look for fruit that are completely yellow in colour, with no green patches. Their skin should be smooth with no splits or blemishes.

Avoid : Fruit once ripen should be used as soon as possible if not, the proteolytic enzyme present in it may cause mild irritation or "burns" on the skin.

Babaco-Fruit Recipes

1. Babaco Chutney

  • 25 Mint Leaves
  • 1 Fresh green chilli, chopped
  • 1 tbsp white cummin seeds
  • 1 tbsp Mustard seeds
  • Salt, as required
  • Water, as required
  • 4 sm Ripe Babacos
  1. Wash the babacoes, Slice into rings or lengths, remove the seeds and cut it into pieces.
  2. Put the babacoes, together with the mint leaves, green chillies, cumin seeds, mustard seeds and salt, into a mortar, and pound with the pestle (or use a sil-batta) into a pulp.
  3. Add water as needed to thin the chutney to the desired consistency.
  4. Refrigerate and serve.

2. Babaco Syrup

  • 1 whole babaco
  • 1 – 2 cups of white sugar
  • Water as needed
  • 1 stick of cinnamon
  • 2 glass of orange juice
  1. Wash the babacoes, peel it off and cut it into pieces.
  2. Put all the ingredients in a large vessel and let boil on medium heat for 30 minutes, stir it occasionally.
  3. Remove the cinnamon stick and let cool.
  4. Refrigerate the unused portions for up to five days.
This syrup can be served as a delicious topping for ice cream, or plain as a simple, or a refreshing dessert after a large meal.
Customer Reviews
Add your Review

Please fill all details
Name *
Email *
Message *
Verify = ?

Strawberry is not a berry
Orangutans love mangoes
Apples have 25% air
Tomato is a fruit!
Banana-a cure for heartburn
200 seeds
Pumpkins and avocados are fruits
Dark green vegetables are more Vitamin C rich
Banana is not a fruit in reality.
Bananas are easily digestible
Cockroach repellent fruit
An apple tree can produce 400 apples a year
Bilberries improve night vision
Cherry seeds believed to have satanic power
Watermelon used to carry water
Worlds favorite fruit
Strawberries and cashews have seeds outside them
Kiwi is rich in Vitamin C
Oranges help fight anti-aging
Eating fruits avoids miscarriage
Eating fruits reduce the risk of diseases
Lemon is a good source of Vitamin C-Prevents Scurvy
7000 apples
Grapes do not ripen once plucked
Banana slip accidents in Britain
Quick ripening
 Lemons kill bacteria
Pear-wood is hard
Banana-the 1st fruit on earth
Apple stuck in Adam's throat
Cabbage-a water vegetable
Banana ripens quickly in brown paper bag
Peanut is the main Main component of nitroglycerine
Leaves of raspberry help to regulate menstrual cycles
Lime oil is useful to cool fevers
Durian is one of the world's biggest fruit
Avocado leaves are harmful to animals
Dried fruits contain more calories than fresh fruits
An apple is a very refreshing tonic for oily skin
Eating fresh figs during pregnancy helps from prolonged labor
Gibbons prefer to eat fruits twice a day
avocados are the world’s most nutritious fruit
Eating grapefruit protect from diabetes
Babaco is gorgeous torpedo shaped fruit
Sapodilla is a uniquely tasted fruit
Bilimbi fruit is more effective for several human ailments
Chempedak fruit is really not too big
Damson fruit is more effective to create fruit paste or cheese
The name pine-apple was the original name for a pine cone
Pineapples used in blood tests
Kiwis were once known as Chinese gooseberries
Eating an apple is a more reliable method of staying awake
Pineapples are berries, just like strawberries and blueberries
A half-cup of figs has as much calcium as a half-cup of milk
There are over 200 different known species of raspberries
There are seven varieties of avocados grown commercially in Texas
Blackberry juice was used to dye cloth navy blue and indigo
Black currant juice can be used to soothe sore throats and colds
Delicious oranges in the world are grown in Florida
Eggplants are actually fruits
An avocado is a fruit and not a vegetable!
Avocado has more fat content than any other fruit.
A single fruit is about 125 grams on average;
Bananas are allergic for some people.
Bilberry contains nutrients that are good for eyes.
Cherimoya seeds are poisonous
Clementines are popular in the winter months.
A durian is a large fruit with a powerful smell.
Huckleberries are well liked by lots of mammals
The jambul fruit leaves and bark are used for controlling blood pressure and gingivitis.
Lime oils are often used in perfumes
Lychee seeds are poisonous
Purple Mangosteen has to be grown in temperatures of above 40 °F (4 °C).
Grapes are the fruit of a woody grape vine.
Dirty cantaloupes can spread bacteria.
A watermelon contains 92% water.
Raisins are dried grapes.
Cupuacu pulp is also used in cosmetics products
An orange’s vitamin C content helps fight back assaults
Strawberries are the only fruit
A cucumber is a fruit
Grapefruit can actually react negatively
Red fruits help keep your heart strong.
Orange fruits help keep your eyes healthy.
Yellow fruits help keep you from getting sick.
Green fruits help make your bones and teeth strong.
Blue and purple fruits help your memory.

Special fruits for this week



Cantaloupe are served as fresh fruit or as salads or as a dessert with ice cream (Read more) »



kiwifruit will be fairly large and plump with thin "fuzzy" brown skin   (Read more) »



Pineapple fruit is native to the Asian tropics, with a delicate and fresh fragrance   (Read more) »


What season does a mango cultivate best in?


Whole Fruits | Apple Fruit | List Of Fruits | Full List Of Fruits | Fruits Classification | Seasonal Fruits | Storage of Fruits | Fruits Nutrition | Uses of fruits | Fruits Carving | Types of Fruits | Fruit Articles | Fruits Gallery | Fruits Glossary | Fruits Quiz | Processed Products Of Fruits | Links | Tell a Friend | Sitemap | Disclaimer


Copyright © Fruitsinfo 2004-2014 - All rights reserved