GLOSSARY TERMS - 'P'
The papaya, other wise known as mambo, tree melon, leeches (Venezuela), or pawpaw is the fruit of the tree Carica papaya, in the genus Carica. It is a very small non-branched tree, the single stem growing to 5-12 m tall, with the spirally arranged leaves confined to the top of the trunk; the lower trunk is conspicuously scarred with the leaf scars of where older leaves and the fruit were borne.
Passion fruit (Portuguese: maracujŠ; Spanish: maracuyŠ) comes from passion flower vines and plants of the genus Pass flora, native to tropical and sub-tropical America. The members of this genus produce good flowers that are extensively cultivated outside their natural range.
The Peach (Prunes Persia) is actually a tree native to China that bears a juicy fruit of the same name. It is a small deciduous tree growing to 5-12 m tall. The leaves are lanceolate, 7-14 cm long and 2-5 cm broad. The flowers are produced in early spring before the leaves; they are solitary or paired, 2.5-5 cm diameter, pink, with five petals. The fruit is a drupe, with a single large seed encased in hard wood (called the "stone" or "pit"), yellow and whitish flesh, a delicate aroma, and a velvety skin. Peaches, along with cherries, plums and apricots, are stone fruits (drupes).
Pears are trees of the genus Pyrus and the juicy fruit of that tree, edible in some of the species. The English word pear is from Common West Germanic *pera, probably a loanword of Vulgar Latin pira, the plural of prim that is itself of unknown origin. See also Peorū. The place name Perry could be indicated the historical presence of pear trees.
The wall of a ripened ovary; fruit wall.
The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant and fruit, native to Brazil, Bolivia, and also at Paraguay. The plant is a bromeliad (family Bromeliaceous), a short, herbaceous perennial with 32 or more trough-shaped and pointed leaves 30-120 cm long, surrounding a thick stem. The leaves of the Smooth Cayenne cultivar often lack spines except at the leaf tip, but the Spanish and Queen Cultivars have large spines along the leaf margins.
A plum is a stone fruit tree in the genus Prunes and subgenus Prunes. The subgenus is distinguished from few other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc) in the shoots having a terminal bud and the side buds solitary (not clustered), the flowers being grouped 1-4 together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side, and a smooth stone.
Pollination, means transfer of pollen from the male reproductive organ (stamen or staminate cone) to the female reproductive organ (pistil or pistil late cone) of the same or of another flower or cone. Pollination is not to be confused with the term fertilization that it might precede by some time-a full season in many conifers.
In botany, a Pome (after the French name for an apple: Pome) is a varieties of fruit produced by the flowering plants in the Subfamily Melodeon of the Family Rosaceous. A Pome is an accessory fruit composed of five and more carpals in which the Exocarp forms an inconspicuous layer, the Mesocarp is normally fleshy, and the endocarp forms a leathery case around the seed.
The Pomegranate, Punica granite, is a species of fruit-bearing deciduous shrub and very small tree growing to 5-9 m tall. The pomegranate is believed to have its originated in the area from eastern Iran (Persia) to northern India, but its true native range is not actually known because of its extensive cultivation.
Any of more than 126 varieties of fruit, most grown for drying. Four of the most common varieties are French, Imperial, Italian, and also has Green Gage. Prunes are cultivars of plum species (mostly Prunes domestic). In general, prunes are freestone cultivars (the stone is easy to remove), whereas plums that are cling (the stone is more difficult to remove). Dried fruit of the prune tree were traditionally called "dried prunes" or "prunes," but with an effort is currently underway to market them as "dried plums." Fresh prunes reach the market earlier than fresh plums and which are usually smaller in size. Prune juice is more fiber-rich than other plum juice and is often marketed as a way to increase regularity.
Pomelo is the largest of all the citrus fruits; it is native to Southeast Asian countries. Pomelo can grow as massive as 30cm in diameter & weigh up to 25 pounds. The pulp color varies from pale yellow to pink & red. The rind is thick but soft & simple to peel away. Pommel has sweet & sour taste but the membranes of the segments are bitter & usually discarded.