GLOSSARY TERMS - 'S'
A seed is the ripened ovule of gymnosperm and angiosperm plants. The importance of the seed relative to more primitive forms of reproduction or dispersal is attested to by the success of these two groups of plants in the dominating the landscape.
Angiosperm plants are a taxonomic class whose seeds are surrounded by the ovule. The trees have broad leaves that change color and die every autumn. Ex: Oaks, maples and dogwoods. Some angiosperms that hold their leaves ex: rhododendron, live oak, and sweetbay magnolia.
Gymnosperm ("naked seed") plants are a taxonomic class whose seeds are not enclosed in an ovule. The plants have needles that stay green throughout the year. ex: pines, cedars, spruces and firs. Some gymnosperms do drop their leaves ex: ginkgo, dawn redwood, and baldcypress.
Simple fruits can be either dry or fleshy and result from the ripening of a simple or compound ovary with only one pistil. Dry fruits might be either dehiscent (opening to discharge seeds), or indehiscent (not opening to discharge seeds).
Simple fleshy fruits are often edible. They are seen in the fresh fruit and vegetable section of your local super market. Ex: the berry, drupe, pome, pepo, and hesperidium.
Dry dehiscent fruits crack open along two seams. They shed their seeds into the environment when the fruit is ripe.
Dry indehiscent fruits retain their seeds and do not crack open after ripening.
Fruits also known as drupes - with one or more seeds surrounded by fleshy, normally edible tissue. They are often in the genus Prunes. Example: apricots, plums, cherries and mangoes.
The strawberry (Fragaria) is called as genus of plants in the family Rosaceous, and the fruit of these plants. There are more than 22 named species and many hybrids and cultivars. The most common strawberries are grown commercially are cultivars of the Garden strawberry, a Fragaria × ananassa hybrid. Strawberries are a valuable source of vitamin C.
Tropical and subtropical fruits, such as citrus, avocado, mango, banana, and papaya, are tremendously sensitive to cold weather, which restrictions their planting to mostly coastal and deep South Texas.
Sweet pepper is the most fashionable of the chili peppers in the Capsicum annum relatives. It is a fruit shell of less permanent plant in the nightshade or solanaceae relatives, of the genus, capsicum. Scientific name: Capsicum annum. Unlike their equal members, sweet peppers are bell shaped with crunchy, thick fleshy skin.
The sweet orange is one another fruit coming under the citrus family. It is the most often grown fruit tree in the world. It is an evergreen flowering tree usually growing to 9-10 m in height. The leaves are arranged alternately, are ovate in shape with crenulated margins & are 4-10 cm long. The orange fruit is a hesperidium, a kind of berry. The sweet orange is one another fruit coming under the citrus family. It is the most often grown fruit tree in the world. It is an evergreen flowering tree usually growing to 9-10 m in height. The leaves are arranged alternately, are ovate in shape with crenulated margins & are 4-10 cm long. The orange fruit is a hesperidium, a kind of berry.
The Sweet granadilla is a plant variety from the Passiflora genus. It grows under climates ranging from 15Â° to 18Â° C & amid 600 & 1000 mm of annual rain. It lives at altitudes ranging from 1700 to 2600 meters over sea level. They have ample, simple leaves & greenish-white flowers. The fruit is orange to yellow colored with little light markings. It's a round shaped fruit with an empty ending at the stem. It is aromatic & contains vitamins A, C, & K, phosphorus, iron, & calcium.
Sapodilla is an appetizing tropical fruit which is rich in vitamins, minerals & health benefiting anti-oxidant tannins. The fruit is soft, composed of basically digestible pulp made up with simple sugars like fructose & sucrose that when eaten replenishes energy & revitalizes the body instantly. The sapodilla trees bear fruit twice a year, they flower all year round. The fruit, which grows has a brown skin, resembling a potato. It grows to about 4-8 cm in diameter, & may contain 2-10 seeds.