Common name - Bioflavonoid Complex, Concentrate, Blood Orange, Citrus aurantium dulcis, aurantium, aurantium var, Bioflavones, Bioflavonoid Extract, Flavones, Flavonoids, macracantha, Peel Extract, Seed Extract, sinensis, Jaffa orange, Naranja orange, DulceNavel, Shamouti, Valencia are some of the common names in which Sweet Orange is known by.
Ethnic names - Naranja de China, China dulce or simply China.
Scientific name - Citrus sinensis. The botanical name of sweet orange is Citrus aurantium.
Origin - They are known to originate from Asia, through which they spread to India.
- Depending on the variety, oranges will be yellow or spotted with red in appearance. Its size varies from being as large as a football to as small as a cherry. This fruit flavors ranges from sweet to intensely sour.
Sweet Oranges are rich in Vitamin C and potassium. One orange supplies around 116.2% of the daily value for vitamin C. Its peel contains citral, an aldehyde that hassle the action of vitamin A. In addition to the minerals and vitamins given in the table this also contains 86.0 g of Moisture.
Vitamins (Per 100 g)
Minerals ( Per 100 g)
12.0 g - 12.67 g
40 g- 43 g
190 mg - 201 mg
0.2 g - 0.8 g
48 - 52
0.8 g - 1.4 g
0.2 g - 0.4 g
Note: The content given in the table is fixed according to our calculation, hence it may not be accurate.
By Consuming ½ to 1 liter of orange, grapefruit or apple juice every day, increases the excretion of urinary pH value and citric acid, there by dropping the risk of forming calcium oxalate stones. Intake of vitamin C is associated with a reduced risk of colon cancer. Vitamin C also prevents us from asthma, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Since vitamin C can deactivate free radicals, it helps in the prevention of cholesterol. Vitamin C also controls cold and ear infections.
Some of the compounds in these citrus fruits are called limonoids which fights with cancers in the mouth, skin, lung, breast, stomach and colon.
A class of compounds found in citrus fruit peels are called polymethoxylated flavones (PMFs) have the capability to reduce cholesterol levels. Fiber content present in it helps out by keeping blood sugar levels under control and by reducing the uncomfortable constipation or diarrhea.
Oranges are one of the most popular fruits around the world. While they are enjoyable as a snack or as a recipe ingredient, its juice is highly associated with good health which acts as an integral part of a healthy breakfast. Oranges are round citrus fruits with finely-textured skins that are orange in color just like their pulpy flesh.
The size of the fruit ranges from about three inches in diameter. Oranges are classified into two general categories sweet and bitter. The word orange is derived from the Sanskrit "naranga" which means 'orange tree'. Usually, ripe oranges consists of 40%-55% juice by weight, depending on their variety.
Like other citrus fruits, its rind contains essential oils which are used in cooking and perfumery. Sweet oranges are divided into five or six main categories Common sweet oranges, blood, navel, acidless, bitter, and mandarin, are available at different times of the year:
Look for: Fruits that have smoothly textured skin and are firm and heavy for their size.
Avoid : Avoid those that have soft spots or traces of mold.
How to eat: The pulp of the fruit can be obtained by peeling out the thin-skin.
How to Store: Oranges can either be stored at room temperature or in the refrigerator for not more than two weeks and the best way to store oranges is keeping it loose rather than wrapping it in a plastic bag .