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American Plum fruit


Introduction of American Plum fruit


            Scientific name - Prunus domestica


American Plum is also called as Wild Plum. It belongs to North America. It can be seen in its distinct beauty in roadsides and pastures. Kansas area extensively plants this fruit.


American Plum


This is one of the various species of native plums. They are adaptive to any type of soil which makes them a fair pick. This fruit is a blend of yellow and red. They are small in size and the skin is thick. The flesh is the incredible part of this fruit; it is sweet when it becomes overripe. The smell and flavor of an ideal American plum is just amazing. Sauces and jams can be prepared with American plums.


American Plum

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Nutritional Value of American Plum fruit


Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 70 Kcal 3.5%
Carbohydrates 17 g 13%
Protein 0.5g 1%
Total Fat 0.27 g 1%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 1.80 g 4.5%
Vitamins
Folates 14 g 3.5%
Niacin 0.584 mg 3.5%
Pantothenic acid 0.160 mg 1%
Pyridoxine 0.134 mg 10%
Riboflavin 0.057 mg 4%
Thiamin 0.058 mg 5%
Vitamin A 765 IU 25.5%
Vitamin C 27.7 mg 46%
Vitamin E 1.12 mg 7.5%
Vitamin K 4.2 g 3.5%
Electrolytes
Sodium 2 mg 0%
Potassium 156 mg 3%
Minerals
Calcium 10 mg 1%
Copper 0.110 mg 12%
Iron 0.13 mg 1.5%
Magnesium 9 mg 2%
Manganese 0.027 mg 1%
Zinc 0.04 mg 0%
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene- 445 g --
Carotene-a 17 g --
Crypto-xanthin- 11 g --
Lutein-zeaxanthin 0 g --
Lycopene 0 g --

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Health Benefits of American Plum fruit

American Plum3

arrowPreventing Heart disease.


arrowPreventing cancer.


arrowManage diabetes.


arrowLowering blood pressure.


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Method of Propagation of American Plum fruit

In American Plum Seed propagation is the most common method for propagating American Plum. The best time to collect seeds is in the late summer or early fall when the fruit is ripe. The seeds should be collected from fruit that is healthy and free from disease or insect damage. The seeds should be washed to remove any debris, and then placed in a container of warm water overnight. This will soften the seedcoat and improve the chances of successful germination. The next day, the seeds should be sown in a pot filled with a moist, well-draining potting mix. The pot should be kept in a warm, sunny location, and the soil should be kept moist. The pot should be covered with a plastic bag or dome to maintain humidity. Once the seeds have germinated, they should be transplanted into individual pots or directly into the ground. American plums should be planted in an area with full sun and well-draining soil. Once the plants have been established, they should be watered regularly and fertilized twice a year.


Propagation by Cuttings

Cuttings are another method of propagating American Plum. Cuttings should be taken from healthy, disease-free plants in the late summer or early fall. The cuttings should be 4 to 6 inches long and should have several sets of leaves. The bottom leaves should be removed, and the cut end should be dipped into a rooting hormone. The cuttings should then be planted in a moist, well-draining potting mix. The pot should be placed in a warm, sunny location and covered with a plastic bag or dome to maintain humidity. Once the cuttings have taken root, they should be transplanted into individual pots or directly into the ground. American plums should be planted in an area with full sun and well-draining soil. Once the plants have been established, they should be watered regularly and fertilized twice a year.


Propagation by Grafting

Grafting is another method of propagating American Plum. Grafting is a technique in which a scion (a piece of the desired plant) is attached to a rootstock (a piece of a compatible plant). Grafting is typically done in the springtime, when the plants are dormant. The scion should be taken from a healthy, disease-free plant and should contain several sets of leaves. The scion should then be attached to the rootstock using a grafting tool. The graft should be wrapped with grafting tape or wax to ensure a secure connection. Once the graft has taken, the tree should be transplanted into the ground. American plums should be planted in an area with full sun and well-draining soil. Once the plants have been established, they should be watered regularly and fertilized twice a year.


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Uses of American Plum fruit

The American plum fruit is widely used in cooking and baking, as it has a unique flavor and texture. It can be made into jams, jellies, compotes, and pies. The fruit can also be used to make sauces, syrups, or preserves. The flavor of American plum fruit pairs well with meats, poultry, and fish, and can be used to make a delicious sauce or glaze. American plum fruit can also be used to make wine. The wine has a light, sweet flavor and is often used in sangria recipes. The wine can also be used in cooking.


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Fertilization of American Plum fruit

The fertilization process of American plums begins with the flowers. American plum flowers are perfect, meaning that they contain both male and female reproductive organs. The flowers produce nectar and pollen to attract pollinators such as bees, flies, and butterflies. Once a pollinator lands on the flower, it collects the pollen and then carries it to another flower. As the pollinator moves from flower to flower, the pollen is transferred from the male parts of the flower to the female parts, allowing for fertilization.

Once the pollen is transferred, the female parts of the flower form a fruit. This fruit is made up of an outer layer of skin, an inner layer of flesh, and a central core. The core contains the seeds, which are the embryos of the future tree. As the fruit matures, the core hardens, forming a stone. The fertilization of American plums results in a drupe, which is a type of fruit that has a fleshy outer layer and a hard inner core. This type of fruit is known as a "stone fruit" because of the hard stone that is found in the center.

The fertilization of American plums is essential for the production of new trees. Without fertilization, there would be no new trees, and the species would eventually die out. The process of fertilization is also important for the production of new fruit and for the health of existing trees. Fertilization helps to ensure that the trees are strong and healthy and that they produce high quality fruit. In conclusion, the fertilization of American plums is a complex process that involves many steps and different organisms. It starts with the flowers, which produce pollen and attract pollinators. The pollen is then transferred from the male parts of the flower to the female parts of the flower, allowing for fertilization. The result is a drupe, which contains the embryo of a new tree and the seeds of future fruit. Fertilization is essential for the production of new trees and for the health of existing trees.


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