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Burdekin Plum Fruit

Introduction of Burdekin Plum

            Scientific name - Pleiogynium timorense

Burdekin plum scientifically known as Pleiogynium timorense belongs to the Anacardiaceae family. This plum tree is a medium sized tree is popularly also known as tulip plum. A native plant of Australia this tree is a semi deciduous tree can naturally reach up to 20 m high. Due to space constraints and other influencing factors these trees in cultivation can grow only up to 12 m. besides Australia these trees are also cultivated in Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia and the Pacific islands. Burdekin plum features a dark canopy with glossy dark leaves and a rough dark bark. The trees blossoms flower between January to march that are initially a color combination of yellowish green and it further grows into a fruit. The most common variety of this fruit is the one that appears to have a plum colored flesh however white varieties of the same have been reported. The fruit becomes safe for human consumption only when its ripe. Ripening of the fruit is a process in itself. The fruit is plucked from the tree when it shows signs of ripening, after which the plum is stored under dark and damp place to completely ripen the fruit. This process can take place for a long period until the fruit reaches its consumption-readylevels.
In many places especially in its native vegetation place / aboriginals these plums were buried underground to provide the right temperature and dampness naturally for the plum to ripen.

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Nutritional Value of Burdekin Plum

Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 46 Kcal 2.3%
Carbohydrates 11.42 g 8%
Protein 0.70 g 1%
Total Fat 0.28 g 1%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 1.40 g 3.5%
Folates 5 g 1%
Niacin 0.417 mg 3%
Pantothenic acid 0.135 mg 3%
Pyridoxine 0.029 mg 2%
Riboflavin 0.026 mg 2%
Thiamin 0.028 mg 2%
Vitamin A 345 IU 11.5%
Vitamin C 9.5 mg 16%
Vitamin E 0.26 mg 2%
Vitamin K 6.4 g 5%

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Methods of Propagation and its Vegetation

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Burderkin plum have a vary extremely in its appearance and the fruit constantly varies in size color and taste. In the wild vegetation fruiting occurs in the winter months. The dispersal of seeds is done in the most natural by its wildlife of the forest mainly the flying foxes and wallabies. In case of its close relative, the Mango, flowers play no major role in its fruiting. They are highly insignificant and the seeds will germinate readily if soaked in a bucket of water for 24hours prior to its planting. These plants have the capacity to withstand harsh weather conditions.
While the initial years are fairly slow for a Burdekin plums growth, post that phase one can see a rapid growth in this plant. A span of eight years is what it takes the plant to start fruiting.

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Utilization of Burdekin plum

Burdekin plum fruits are of two varieties one that red flesh and the other one with green flesh. These fruits are very acidic in nature and cannot be consumed right from the tree, they need some time to mellow down to suit the consumer's palate. This fruit is used to make jams and jellies with the help of preservatives.
Apart from their remarkable fruits they are also known to have a very decorative timber. Timber from these trees are used for making batons of music conductors. Thus making it a multi-purpose plant.

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