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False Mastic


Introduction of False Mastic


            Scientific name - Sideroxylon foetidissimum


Scientifically known as Sideroxylonfoetidissimum, is a plant belonging to the Sapotaceae family. This dense growing plant is a native of Florida situated in the United States of America and it was also found in the Caribbean and parts of Northern and Central America. This fruit is a small fruit with a color of yellow and orange with a gummy pulp inside it.
The tree of a false mastic fruit grows to be a dense large tree often growing to the size of 80ft tall. Known to be an ever green tree, it grows fast and flowers through-out the year. The flowers borne by this tree have a peculiar smell to it and the smell is described like cheese to many people. The tree which known for its dense nature is often grown in residential areas and also in commercial landscape as it provides shade to the area and maintains a soothing effect.
One may not fail to notice that these trees are also often spotted on beaches and sea shores. This is because of the high tolerance of salt in the air. The trunks of these trees are used to make hammocks and are usually slightly more tall than broader. The branches tend to provide shade to the person resting on the hammock.


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Physical attributes of the tree


Having already mentioned about the dense nature of the tree, the trunk of the tree is strong and large with a width of 1-1.2 meters in diameter. Talking about the leaves of the false mastic fruit they are elongated in shape and have a glossy effect to it. This wavy edge leaf spots a dual tone; the upper half of the leaf has a bright green colour to it where as the bottom side of the leaf leaves a yellow tinge to it. Normally found in a clustered position at the end of the twig this leaf has the capability to remain green throughout the year.
The beauty of the flower comes from the flowers it bears. This tree bears flowers throughout the year with a constant on and off. These flowers grow to size of 2cm long and are yellow- orange in colour. As already mentioned about the distinct smell, these flowers smell like cheese.
Once pollinated these flowers are the ones that turns into a fruit with a sticky and gummy orange pulp. This fruit does not need any preservation and is usually eaten fresh off the tree.

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Method of Propagation


The word propagation means breeding when it comes to trees. This tree has the most natural method of propagation and that is through its seeds. The seeds should be scarified before germinating them and this will result in quicker germination of the seed.
Apart from being propagated for its delicious fruit this tree is also grown for its yellow orange heartwood. Once which was found in abundance this tree has been subjected to scarcity because of heavy deforestation. Government should take initiative before they become scarce to extinct.

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