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Mock Strawberry


Introduction of Mock Strawberry Fruit

            Scientific name - Duchesnea indica

Duchesnea indica is an aggregate accessory fruit that is quite similar to true strawberry, although this is actually an independent evolution of a similar fruit type. Inhabitant to Eastern and Southern Asia, it has yellow flowers, unlike the white or slightly pink flowers of true strawberries. Having said that, it has been introduced to many other areas as an ornamental plant

Indigenous names

Duchesnea indica with several local names such as Indian strawberry, False strawberry, Mock strawberry and snake strawberry.


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About Fruit

The fruits of Duchesnea indica are dry and insipid and are tasteless. According to some, it is of a flavor somewhat akin to watermelon. It contains 3.4% sugar, 1.5% protein, 1.6% ash. Vitamin C is 6.3mg per 100ml of juice. With a 10mm diameter, they are entirely covered with red achenes. White or red in color, it contains a single seed. Having fewer flavors, this edible fruit resembles miniature strawberries, but they are not juicy and lack flavor.

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Nutritional Value of Mock Strawberry


Nutrients Amount
Basic Components
Proteins 1.2 g
Water 162.7 g
Ash 0.7 g
Phytosterols 21 mg
Calories
Total Calories 57
Calories From Carbohydrates 49
Calories From Fats 4.5
Calories From Proteins 4
Carbohydrates
Total Carbohydrates 14 g
Dietary Fiber 3.6 g
Starch 71 mg
Sugar 8.7 g
Fats & Fatty Acids
Total Fat 536 mg
Saturated Fat 27 mg
Monounsaturated Fat 77 mg
Polyunsaturated Fat 277 mg
Omega-3 Fatty Acids 116 mg
Omega-6 Fatty Acids 161 mg
Vitamins
Vitamin A 21 IU
Vitamin C 105 mg
Vitamin E 518 mcg
Vitamin K 3.9 mcg
Thiamin 43 mcg
Riboflavin 39 mcg
Niacin 689 mcg
Vitamin B6 84 mcg
Folate 43 mcg
Pantothenic Acid 223 mcg
Choline 10.2 mg
Betaine 0.4 mg
Minerals
Calcium 29 mg
Iron 732 mcg
Magnesium 23 mg
Phosphorus 43 mg
Potassium 273 mg
Sodium 1.8 mg
Zinc 250 mcg
Copper 86 mcg
Manganese 689 mcg
Selenium 0.71 mcg
Fluoride 7.9 mcg

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Medicinal use of Mock Strawberry


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The whole plant of Duchesnea indica is anticoagulant, antiseptic, depurative and febrifuge and can be crushed and applied externally as a poultice. Moreover they are used in the treatment of

Boils

Stomatitis

Laryngitis

Ringworm

Acute tonsillitis

Weeping eczema

Traumatic injuries

Snake and insect bites

Abscesses (collection of pus)

In addition, they are also used in the treatment of swellings. Concoction of the flowers is used to trigger blood circulation. Spaced out from all this, the fruit is used to cure skin diseases as well.

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Propagation and Cultivation

In general, germination takes place within 1 - 6 weeks or more at 15C. Phase of cold stratification is said to speed up germination.

Moist to mesic conditions

Partial sunlight

Fertile soil

The tree thrives in aforesaid preferences. It can spread aggressively in semi-shaded open situations and forms a great ground cover. Drupes of the fruit are not fit for human consumption.

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