The pomegranate tree is a deciduous tree, which bears the fruits and grows to an average height of 5–8 meters in length. The tree initially belongs to the regions of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran. These trees have been cultivated since the immemorial time in the Mediterranean regions including Algeria, India, Turkey, Iran and also in some parts of South East Asia, Tropical Africa, peninsular Malaysia, etc. It is available in the months from September to January in the Northern Hemisphere and from March to May in the Southern Hemisphere.
The leaves of the tree are rectangle narrow and have a silky texture. The leaves are 3-7 cms in length and are 2 cms broad. The fruit has a strange hexagonal shape with a thick red skin and around 600 seeds. The fruit seeds range in color from white to deep red. There are also different varieties available in the market, which have a purple squash color. Pomegranate trees are drought understanding and can be grown in dry areas as well. The tree is vulnerable to root decay from fungal diseases in wetter regions. They are also tolerant to moderate frost, and can survive in a temperature of about 10 degree C.