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Classification Of Fruits

CLASSIFICATION Although most of are found of fruits and vegetables and also love to eat them, it would be difficult to give a definition for fruit. In botanist term the definition is easier; “a fruit is a reproductive structure of an angiosperm which develops from the ovary and accessory tissue, which surrounds and protects the seed”. Fruits are important in seed dispersal. It does not matter what we may call our nutritious dietary components, in botany what constitutes a fruit is quite straightforward, and this lab looks at the structure and classification of fruits.

The process of fertilization carries both seed and fruit development. While the seeds develop from ovules, the ovary tissue undergoes a number of series complex changes which result in the development of the good and fresh fruit. Many fruits are "fleshy" and contain sugars which attract animals that then disperse the enclosed seeds to the new locations. Other, non-fleshy, fruits use other mechanisms for seed dispersal.

Fruits can be classified in to four types as follows:

v Simple Fruits

v Compound Fruits

v Accessory Fruits

Simple Fruits

Simple fruits could be either dry or fleshy and result from the ripening of a compound or simple ovary with only one pistil. Dry fruits could also be either dehiscent (opening to discharge seeds), or indehiscent (not opening to discharge seeds).

Aggregate Fruits

An aggregate fruit is otherwise called as etgerio, develops from a flower with the numerous simple pistils. A good example is raspberry, whose simple fruits are termed drupelets because each is like a good small drupe attached to receptacle. In some of the bramble fruits (example blackberry) the receptacle is elongate and part of the ripe fruits, for making blackberry an aggregate-accessory fruit.

Multiple Fruits

A multiple fruit is formed from a cluster of flowers called an inflorescence. Each flower does produce a fruit, but these mature into a single mass. Examples are mulberry, pineapple, and breadfruit.

Accessory Fruits

Accessory fruits are composed of material not just form the ovary but also participate to form other parts of the flower such as the receptacle. To understand even better an accessory fruit is a fruit where the fleshy part is derived not form the ovary but form some adjacent tissue
Few very good examples of accessory fruits are strawberry, watermelon, apple etc. Most accessory fruits are simple fruits that are developed from inferior ovaries.

The following table describes the major types of fruits:

Simple Fruits
(derived from a single ovary)
Pericarp Fleshy
Pericarp Indehiscent
(does not split open when ripe)
Pericarp Dehiscent
(splits open when ripe)
Drupe, Pome, Berry, Pepo
Akene, Nut, Caryopsis
Legume, Silique, Capsule, Follicle
Multiple Fruit
(derived from the varies of several flowers united into a single mass)
Strawberry, Blackberry, Rraspberry
Aggregate Fruit
(derived from numerous ovaries of a single flower that are scattered over a single receptacle and later unite to form a single fruit)




Strawberry is not a berry
Orangutans love mangoes
Apples have 25% air
Tomato is a fruit!
Banana-a cure for heartburn
200 seeds
Pumpkins and avocados are fruits
Dark green vegetables are more Vitamin C rich
Banana is not a fruit in reality.
Bananas are easily digestible
Cockroach repellent fruit
An apple tree can produce 400 apples a year
Bilberries improve night vision
Cherry seeds believed to have satanic power
Watermelon used to carry water
Worlds favorite fruit
Strawberries and cashews have seeds outside them
Kiwi is rich in Vitamin C
Oranges help fight anti-aging
Eating fruits avoids miscarriage
Eating fruits reduce the risk of diseases
Lemon is a good source of Vitamin C-Prevents Scurvy
7000 apples
Grapes do not ripen once plucked
Banana slip accidents in Britain
Quick ripening
 Lemons kill bacteria
Pear-wood is hard
Banana-the 1st fruit on earth
Apple stuck in Adam's throat
Cabbage-a water vegetable
Banana ripens quickly in brown paper bag
Peanut is the main Main component of nitroglycerine
Leaves of raspberry help to regulate menstrual cycles
Lime oil is useful to cool fevers
Durian is one of the world's biggest fruit
Avocado leaves are harmful to animals
Dried fruits contain more calories than fresh fruits
An apple is a very refreshing tonic for oily skin
Eating fresh figs during pregnancy helps from prolonged labor
Gibbons prefer to eat fruits twice a day
avocados are the world’s most nutritious fruit
Eating grapefruit protect from diabetes
Babaco is gorgeous torpedo shaped fruit
Sapodilla is a uniquely tasted fruit
Bilimbi fruit is more effective for several human ailments
Chempedak fruit is really not too big
Damson fruit is more effective to create fruit paste or cheese
The name pine-apple was the original name for a pine cone
Pineapples used in blood tests
Kiwis were once known as Chinese gooseberries
Eating an apple is a more reliable method of staying awake
Pineapples are berries, just like strawberries and blueberries
A half-cup of figs has as much calcium as a half-cup of milk
There are over 200 different known species of raspberries
There are seven varieties of avocados grown commercially in Texas
Blackberry juice was used to dye cloth navy blue and indigo
Black currant juice can be used to soothe sore throats and colds
Delicious oranges in the world are grown in Florida
Eggplants are actually fruits
An avocado is a fruit and not a vegetable!
Avocado has more fat content than any other fruit.
A single fruit is about 125 grams on average;
Bananas are allergic for some people.
Bilberry contains nutrients that are good for eyes.
Cherimoya seeds are poisonous
Clementines are popular in the winter months.
A durian is a large fruit with a powerful smell.
Huckleberries are well liked by lots of mammals
The jambul fruit leaves and bark are used for controlling blood pressure and gingivitis.
Lime oils are often used in perfumes
Lychee seeds are poisonous
Purple Mangosteen has to be grown in temperatures of above 40 °F (4 °C).
Grapes are the fruit of a woody grape vine.
Dirty cantaloupes can spread bacteria.
A watermelon contains 92% water.
Raisins are dried grapes.
Cupuacu pulp is also used in cosmetics products
An orange’s vitamin C content helps fight back assaults
Strawberries are the only fruit
A cucumber is a fruit
Grapefruit can actually react negatively
Red fruits help keep your heart strong.
Orange fruits help keep your eyes healthy.
Yellow fruits help keep you from getting sick.
Green fruits help make your bones and teeth strong.
Blue and purple fruits help your memory.

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