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Araza Fruit

Introduction of Araza fruit

            Scientific name - Eugenia stipitata

Originating in western part of Amazonia, Araza is an exotic fruit which is traditionally consumed as juice. It is a good source of vitamins and minerals and contains high level of nitrogen and potassium! Having said that, it is very high in vitamin C content, i.e. double the amount of an average orange. Containing high level of acidity, the best part about the fruit is that its averaging pH 2.4 for the juice confers it as a good quality for processing.

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Nutritional Value of Araza fruit

With the omission of vitamin C content, Araza and oranges share the same nutritional value, but with Araza the vitamin C content is double. It comes under the category of a less known and underutilized crop and following is the nutritional rundown of Araza and it includes:

11.9% of proteins

49.2% of sugars (glucose 3.1%, fructose 33.9%, sucrose 17.2%)

4% of ash

39% of total dietary fibers

High levels of nitrogen and potassium

With that said, the fruit is known for containing a high level of acidity, averaging pH 2.4 for the pulpy juice, and that gives to it a good quality for processing.

Protein 8-10.75%
fiber 5-6.5%
carbohydrates 69-72%
calcium 0.16-0.21
zinc 10-12 ppm
vitamin A 7.75 mg
vitamin B 1 9.84 mg
vitamin C 7.68 mg

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Uses of Araza fruit

Araza is a wonder from the Amazonas and it has several uses. At present, it is cultivated on small properties throughout the basin of the Solimoes, as part of the complex mosaic of crops, but not as a commercial crop. Given the fact that, the fruit is very high in acidic for direct consumption, it can be processed into other forms like marmalades, juices, jellies, nectars and syrups to have an exotic and refreshing taste. They are also consumed as smoothies and it plays a vital role in ornamental purpose as well. Since it has a tart flavor, you can add sweet fruits like mango or banana while making smoothies. Yogurt and honey are other options available to you.

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Health Benefits of Araza fruit

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arrow Control blood pressure: Araza fruit is a good source of essential vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. It is high in vitamin C and contains several minerals, including calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and iron. It also contains some B vitamins, such as thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin.

arrow Prevent from cancer: Araza fruit is rich in powerful antioxidants, which are compounds that help protect cells from damage. These antioxidants may help reduce inflammation and slow the aging process.

arrow High in Nutrients:Araza fruit is a good source of dietary fiber, which can help promote digestive health. Eating a diet high in fiber can help prevent constipation and promote regular bowel movements.

arrow Rich in Antioxidants: Araza fruit is high in potassium, which is an important mineral for heart health. Potassium helps regulate blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease.

arrow Boosts Immunity: Araza fruit is high in vitamin C, which is an important nutrient for immunity. Vitamin C helps support the immune system and protect the body from infection.

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Methods of Propagation in Araza fruit

1.Grafting: Grafting is one of the most popular and widely used methods of propagation for Araza fruit trees. It involves the union of two different plants by inserting a bud, shoot, or scion from one plant into the stem of another. This method allows for a variety of different cultivars to be propagated from one rootstock, providing more resilient and disease resistant trees.

2. Cuttings: Cuttings are a popular method for propagating Araza fruit trees and can be done with either softwood or semi-hardwood cuttings. Softwood cuttings are taken from the current season's growth and semi-hardwood cuttings are taken from the previous season's growth. Cuttings should be between 5-10 cm long and placed in a moist, well-draining medium.

3. Layering: Layering is another method of propagating Araza fruit trees. This method involves removing a branch or stem from the tree and burying it in soil. After some time, the buried stem will form its own roots and can then be detached from the parent tree and transplanted.

4. Air-Layering: Air-layering is similar to layering, but instead of burying the stem in soil, it is wrapped in moist moss or sphagnum and covered with plastic. The stem will then form its own roots, which can be detached from the parent tree and transplanted.

5. Seeds: Seeds are the easiest and least expensive method of propagating Araza fruit trees. However, it is not a recommended method as the offspring may not be true to the parent tree and may be of inferior quality.

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