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Chokecherry Fruit


Introduction of Chokecherry Fruit


            Scientific name - Prunus virginiana


The chokecherry goes a scientific name Prunusvirginiana, belonging to the Rosaceae family and Prunus genes. Chokeberry grows up to be a large shrub or s small tree, this tree can normally be spotted growing in cluster that individual trees. The fruiting plant has bushes that grow up to 15 feet tall with a width of 3 inches in diameter. In rare cases the fruiting plant may reach 40 feet in height and can grow about a foot in diameter on the extreme side fruits can also be occasionally produced on plants that grow only up to 3 feet tall. Chokecherry bushes are completely deprived of thorns; they do not bare any sorts of thorns on their branches fruits or even on the follicles of the flower.
This plant is a late bloomer and blooms during spring season just in time when the leaves are about fully grown. Chokeberry bears flowers that grow symmetrical 5 petals. Growing in a tight arched position attached to a long pedicle at the bottom of every flower.
The mature fruit of the chokecherry is sphere shaped or oblong, occasionally it even spots a pointed tip. Chokecherry bears a dark purple to black color to signify that they are fully ripe. The cherries are borne in a drooping position with six inches long stalks bearing eight to twenty fruits on each cluster.
It is rather a lesser known fact that one of the species of the plant, i.e the wild chokecherry is often considered a pest, as it gives room for the tent caterpillar to feed on thus posing as a threat to other fruits.
Having mentioned that one of popularly grown and propagated species of this berry is known as Goertz which possess a nonastringent flavor and is more palatable fruit. When compared to its other variants. A research at the University of Saskatchewan is dedicated to find and create new methods of propagation and cultivars to increase production of Chokeberries.
Chokecherries though remind us of an unfamiliar but an unpleasant name is also often known with varied other names across the globe them being eastern chokecherry, western chokecherry, California chokecherry, wild cherry, wild black cherry, black chokecherry or chokeberry, rum chokecherry, whiskey chokecherry, chuckley-plum, sloetree, cabinet cherry, and in French, cerisier de virginie, cerisier, cerisier a grappes, cerisiersauvage, and caupulin.


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Nutritional Value of Chokecherry Fruit


Nutrients Amount
Total Calories 249 kcal
Vitamin A 258.72 IU
Vitamin C 8.47 mg
Vitamin K 32.494 mcg
Calcium 92.4 mg
Magnesium 41.58 mg
Potassium 583.66 mg
Phosphorus 103.18 mg
Total Carbohydrates 51.7748g
Sugars 14.4298g
Dietary Fiber 30.8g
Total Fat 2.6026g

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Uses of Chokecherry Fruit


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The Chokecherry has a very strong flavor and is often eaten raw or cooked preferably added as a key ingredient in making pies and jams. This fruit is often a key ingredient in making wines after aging it. The raw consumption of this fruit is normally done when this fruit is fully matured. A special mention of the utility of the bark and twigs of chokecherry as they are used often as tea substitute.
This fruit has also been renowned for its poisonous property, the seed containing high concentrations of hydrogen cyanide, is a poison that gives almonds their distinctive flavor. The toxic substance can be readily detected by its bitter taste. While it is said that the poison is usually present in too small of a quantity to do any harm, any bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten.When present in moderate to larger measures hydrogen cyanide can have fatal results, it cause respiratory failure and even death. There were casualties reported where a number of livestock and children suffered respiratory failures often leading to death. Livestocks do not cherish the taste of these leaves but sometimes are forced to feed on them during droughts or famines.


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Health benefits of Chokecherry Fruit


The Chokecherry has a very strong flavor and is often eaten raw or cooked preferably added as a key ingredient in making pies and jams. This fruit is often a key ingredient in making wines after aging it. The raw consumption of this fruit is normally done when this fruit is fully matured.
A special mention of the utility of the bark and twigs of chokecherry as they are used often as tea substitute.
This fruit has also been renowned for its poisonous property, the seed containing high concentrations of hydrogen cyanide, is a poison that gives almonds their distinctive flavor. The toxic substance can be readily detected by its bitter taste. While it is said that the poison is usually present in too small of a quantity to do any harm, any bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten.When present in moderate to larger measures hydrogen cyanide can have fatal results, it cause respiratory failure and even death. There were casualties reported where a number of livestock and children suffered respiratory failures often leading to death. Livestocks do not cherish the taste of these leaves but sometimes are forced to feed on them during droughts or famines.


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