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Emu berry

Introduction of Emu berry

            Scientific name - Grewia retusifolia

Emu berry, binomially known as Grewiaretusifolia, is a shrub specie belonging to the family of Malvaceae. This tree holds its native to Australian regions in the areas of Kimberley across Kakadu, Arnhem Land, the Gulf country, Cape York and down to the Tropic of Capricorn. This tree grows up to look like a bushy weed like plant. During the months of April to September this tree bears berries along its stems.
Popularly known as emu berry this fruit is a tiny berry like fruit that has a sweet taste to it. It is also known with other names such as Dysentery Bush, Emu-berry, Dog's Balls, Turkey Bush and Diddle Diddle, G. retusifolia
Consumption of the entire plant crushed and boiled will result in relieving cold, fludiarrhoea and even to bathe sore eyes.
Emu berry grows like any other shrub as tall as 1 to 3 meters tall. This multistemmed shrub starts to form clumps after growing a few meters tall. The bark of the tree is thin and fibrous, that appears in shades of green turning red brown in color. Stellate hairs begins to appear on younger twigs and petioles. The stems bears leaves, and the leaf blades grow 4-5 x 2.5-2.7 cm.
This tree can be mainly be seen on lowlands of jarrah and Karri. They are also found in forest with sandy soils and are widely spread by root suckering. It can grow at an elevation of 120 80 meters above sea level. The most suitable temperature for its vegetation is an average of 15.6C, the lowest temperature it can drop to is minimum in the coldest month of 7.2C, and it requires rainfall of mean annual precipitation of 1011 mm.

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Nutritional Value of Emu berry

Total Fat 0.8g 1%
Saturated Fat -1g -5%
Cholesterol -1mg -0%
Sodium 27mg 1%
Total Carb 22.3g 7%
Dietary Fiber 34.4g 138%
Sugars -1g
Protein 3.8g 8%
Vitamin A -0%
Vitamin C 7%
Calcium 41%
Iron 33%

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Health Benefits of Emu berry

Emu berry has many health benefits attached to it. The use of roots and leaves of this small shrub to treat variety of disorders including diarrhea, headache, fatigue, boils, infected sores and scabies is something that the locals have been practicing from age old days. Uveitis an eye inflammation can also be treated by the use of decotion of the plant. This fruit is known to house good source of calcium, sodium, dietary fiber, iron and vitamin C. problems such as analgesic, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antidysentric, antiulcer and purgative problems can be kept at bay if one religiously consumes and adds emu berries in their day to day diet.

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