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Introduction of Lardizabala fruit

            Scientific name - Lardizabala biternata

Indigenous to temperate forests of central and southern Chile, Lardizabala plants are an evergreen liana that is a monotypic species of flowering plants. It is mainly grown for the edible fruit it bears out, and also for ornamental flowers. Recognized by different other names such as Coguil, Cogüilera, Coiye, Coille, Voqui cógüil, or Voqui coille in Chile. In English it is known as Lardizabala or Zabala fruit. In Mapuche language they are called as coguil or coguil.

Obtained from the wild plant, the edible fruit produced by the tree is considered to be a delicacy in Chile. As already said, they act as an ornamental plant in gardens as well and the fruits are put up for sale in the local markets of Chile and Peru. The fruits are consumed either raw or cooked, with a sweet taste; the pulp of the fruit is extracted and sold in the local markets. With just about 5-8 cm long, the medicinal values of the fruit is unknown, however they are a rich source of fibre.

lardizabala fruit 2

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Nutritional Value of Lardizabala fruit

Calories 110
Fat 6g
Carbs 4.1g
Protein 9.7g

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Cultivation details

With very less popularity outside Chile, it is best grown in a well-drained humus-rich sandy soil along with a shady protected position. In general, it is believed that a sunny wall is required for better cultivation; however, it succeeds on sun or semi-shade as well. Resilient in the mildest areas of Britain, it has the capacity to tolerate intermittent lows to -10°c. The flowers of this ornamental plant can either be monoecious or dioecious. Late frosts damage the young growth of the plant in spring. The formation of fruits takes a long hot summer to complete. With no requirement of pruning, the plants climb by means of twining.Both smale and female flowers are carried on the same plants.

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It takes up the following environmental conditions to grow:

Habitat according to altitude: Medium altitude up to the timber line, Low altitude, interior valleys, Coastal Mountains, 500 - 2000 m. With regards to the watering conditions: It can tolerate very short dry periods (not more than 1 month) and prefers humid areas. Coming to light conditions, it requires some shadow and protection against direct sunlight.

lardizabala fruit 3

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With easier cultivation, seed - sow spring in a greenhouse is said to work well. It is good to perforate the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the hothouse for next to their first winter. It is highly suggested to plant out in early summer and giving the plants some sort of protection for their first winter outdoors is also a good propagation idea. In order to obtain best results, it is vital to have fresh seeds and cold stratification.

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