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Lardizabala


Introduction of Lardizabala fruit

            Scientific name - Lardizabala biternata


Indigenous to temperate forests of central and southern Chile, Lardizabala plants are an evergreen liana that is a monotypic species of flowering plants. It is mainly grown for the edible fruit it bears out, and also for ornamental flowers. Recognized by different other names such as Coguil, Coguilera, Coiye, Coille, Voqui coguil, or Voqui coille in Chile. In English it is known as Lardizabala or Zabala fruit. In Mapuche language they are called as coguil or coguil.

Obtained from the wild plant, the edible fruit produced by the tree is considered to be a delicacy in Chile. As already said, they act as an ornamental plant in gardens as well and the fruits are put up for sale in the local markets of Chile and Peru. The fruits are consumed either raw or cooked, with a sweet taste; the pulp of the fruit is extracted and sold in the local markets. With just about 5-8 cm long, the medicinal values of the fruit is unknown, however they are a rich source of fibre.


lardizabala fruit 2

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Nutritional Value of Lardizabala fruit


Vitamins value
Calories 110
Fat 6g
Carbs 4.1g
Protein 9.7g

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Cultivation details

With very less popularity outside Chile, it is best grown in a well-drained humus-rich sandy soil along with a shady protected position. In general, it is believed that a sunny wall is required for better cultivation; however, it succeeds on sun or semi-shade as well. Resilient in the mildest areas of Britain, it has the capacity to tolerate intermittent lows to -10c. The flowers of this ornamental plant can either be monoecious or dioecious. Late frosts damage the young growth of the plant in spring. The formation of fruits takes a long hot summer to complete. With no requirement of pruning, the plants climb by means of twining.Both smale and female flowers are carried on the same plants.


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Habitat

It takes up the following environmental conditions to grow:

Lardizabala is a genus of woody vines and shrubs in the family Lardizabalaceae that are native to temperate and tropical regions of the world. The genus is composed of about 50 species found mainly in East Asia, the Himalayas, and western North America.

Lardizabala has a wide range of habitats and can be found in a variety of climates, from temperate rainforests to deserts. In the temperate regions, it can be found in moist coastal forests, riparian habitats, or open woodlands. It often grows on rocky slopes and bluffs, as well as in ravines and on creek banks. In the tropics, it often grows in mountain forests and rainforests, as well as in disturbed areas such as roadsides and riverbanks.

Lardizabala is especially well-suited to moist, well-drained soils, and it prefers full sun or partial shade. It is tolerant of a wide range of soil types, including sandy, loamy, and clay soils, as well as acidic and alkaline soils. It is also tolerant of drought, but it does best in moist, well-drained soils.

Lardizabala is a vigorous climber, and it can reach heights of up to 20 feet (6 meters). It has a woody stem with small alternate leaves that are generally ovate or lanceolate in shape and are usually dark green in color. The flowers of Lardizabala are small and white and are arranged in clusters called racemes. The fruit is a red, berry-like drupe.

Lardizabala is a popular ornamental plant because of its attractive foliage and flowers. It is often grown as a groundcover or trained as a climber on trellises or walls. It is also used as a hedge plant or to provide a living screen.

In its native range, Lardizabala is often used in traditional medicine. The leaves are used to treat skin diseases, and the fruit is used as a laxative. The plant is also used to make a tea that is said to be beneficial for digestive issues.

Lardizabala is an adaptable and hardy species, and it is relatively easy to grow. It does best in moist, well-drained soils and full sun or partial shade. It is also tolerant of a wide range of soils and is drought-tolerant once established. Pruning of the plant is recommended to maintain its shape and size. With proper care, Lardizabala can bring a unique beauty to any garden.


lardizabala fruit 3

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Propagation

Lardizabala propagation is best done by seed, as this is the most economical and reliable method. The best time to sow Lardizabala seeds is in the spring, when temperatures are relatively warm. The seeds should be soaked overnight in warm water to speed up germination. They should then be sown in a seed-raising mix, which should be kept moist but not wet. The seedlings should be transplanted into individual containers when they are large enough to handle.

The seedlings can be transplanted into larger containers or into the ground when they are 10-15 cm tall. It is important to make sure the soil is well-draining and not too wet, as this can cause root rot. The young plants should be watered regularly and mulched to conserve moisture.

Once the plants are established, they can be pruned to give them a more attractive shape. Lardizabala species are fast-growing, and can reach a height of 3-4 meters in just a few years. They prefer full sun, but can tolerate some shade.

Lardizabala can also be propagated by cuttings. Stem cuttings should be taken in the summer when the plants are actively growing. The cuttings should be around 10-15 cm long and taken from healthy, disease-free stems. The cuttings should be treated with a rooting hormone and placed in a rooting medium. The cuttings should be kept in a warm, humid environment and should be misted regularly. They should also be kept out of direct sunlight until they have rooted.

Lardizabala is an attractive plant with attractive flowers and foliage. It is easy to propagate, and can make an attractive addition to any garden. It is also suitable for use as a windbreak or privacy screen. With careful maintenance, it can be enjoyed for many years.


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