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MEDITERRANEAN FRUITS


Fruits in Mediterranean category are not hardy to extreme cold, as the preceding temperate fruits are, yet tolerate some frost and could have a modest chilling requirement. Notable among these are natives of the Mediterranean Fruits:


Mediterranean, a sea which bonds with Europe, Asia and Africa and the countries which are located or surrounded nearby this sea are known as Mediterranean Countries. These countries are known for its cuisines, marine organisms, fruits and nuts such as dates, almonds, olives, figs and grapes, etc. These may have been divided by continents but their cuisines, fruits are very much common and popular. Did you know that salads were introduced by Greeks and Romans which was a mixture raw vegetables and herbs with extra virgin olive oil? Well, we are not going to discuss about Caesar's Salad. We are going totalk about some Mediterranean Fruits which are healthy and delicious for your health. Different kinds of fruits (mostly dry fruits) are grown in these countries which are very healthy for your body. So, with no further ado let us show some of the best Mediterranean Fruits.



dateplum

As is carries a long history of cultivation for fruit, its exact native distribution is difficult to find, but the date palm probably originated somewhere in the desert oases of the North Africa, and perhaps also in the southwest Asia.

It is a medium-sized tree, 15-25 m tall, often clumped with the several trunks from a single root system, but also often grows singly.


The leaves are very pinnate, up to 3 m long, with spines on the petiole and also about 150 leaflets; The leaflets grow between 30 cm long and 2 cm broad.

They are oval-cylindrical, 3-7 cm long, and 2-3 cm diameter, yellow-brown in colour, and contain a single seed but about 2-2.5 cm long and 6-8 mm thick.

Three main types of date Palm exist; soft, semi-dry, and dry. The type of fruit actually depends on the glucose, fructose and sucrose content.

Natural pollination requires about an equal number of the male and female plants. However, with assistance one male can palletize about 50 females.

Since the males are of value only as palletizes, this allows the growers to use their resources for many more fruit producing female plants.

Some growers do not maintain any male plants as male flowers become available at the local markets at pollination time.





fig fruit

Figs (Ficus) are a cool genus of about 800 species of the woody trees, shrubs and vines in the family of Moraceae, native is throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the warm temperate zone.

A fig fruit is derived from an especially of adapted flower.

The fruit is in a bulbous shape (an accessory fruit called a syconium) with the small opening (the ostiole) in the end and a hollow area inside lined with the small red edible seeds.

The fruit/flower is pollinated by small wasps that crawl through the opening to fertilize the fruit.



grapes

A grape is the fruit of a vine in family Vitaceae.

It is most commonly used for making grape juice, jelly, wine and raisins, or can be eaten raw also.

Grapes constitute approximately 50% of all fruit grown in this world.

Many species of grape exist including:

Compounds such as resveratrol have comparatively been discovered in grapes. Resveratrol and the other grape compounds have been positively linked to the fighting cancer, heart disease, degenerative nerve disease and help other ailments. Although many people have incorrectly assumed that red grapes have the most health benefits, in fact grapes of all colors have comparable benefits. Red wine has health benefits not found in white wine because many of these compounds are found in skins of the grapes and only red wine is fermented with the skins.



jujube

It has the native to China, where it has also been cultivated for over 4,000 years.

The tree can reach a height of 5 to 12 m, is ornamental, with shiny-green leaves, and thorns sometime.

The early-picked fruit is smooth-green, and also resembles the consistency and taste of an apple, but as it matures more, the color could be darkens to purplish-black and it becomes quite wrinkled, when it tastes like a date, hence the name Chinese date.

Unlike most of the other species in genus, it tolerates fairly cold winters too, surviving temperatures down to about -15°C.



olives

They are evergreen, with a small, entire leaves arranged oppositely. The fruit is also a drupe.

The wild olive is a normally small tree or bush of rather straggling growth, with thorny branches and opposite to oblong pointed leaves, dark grayish-green above and, it is in the young state, hoary beneath with whitish scales

The small white flowers, with four-cleft calyx and corolla, two stamens and bifid stigma, are also borne generally on the last year's wood, in racemes springing from the axils of the leaves

Much of the inferior oil owes its bad quality to the carelessness of the proprietor of the trees.

In southern Europe the olive harvest is in the winter months, continuing for several weeks

But the time varies in each country, and also with the season and the kinds cultivated. The amount of oil contained in the fruit differs much in the various sorts; per carp usually yields from 60 to 70%.



Pomegranate

The pomegranate is believed to have the originated in the area from Iran east to northern India, but has been cultivated around the Mediterranean for very long (several millennia) that it’s true native range is not only accurately known.

The leaves are opposite or sub-opposite, glossy, narrow oblong, entire, 3-7 cm long and 2 cm broad.

The flowers are very bright red, 3 cm diameter, with five petals around (often more on cultivated plants).

The fruit is known between an orange and a grapefruit in size, 7-12 cm diameter; it has a thick reddish skin and many seeds.

The edible part is a brilliant red seed pulp surrounding the seeds.

The only other species in the genus, Socotra Pomegranate Punica protopunica, is endemic on the island of Socotra.

It differs in having pink (not red) flowers and smaller, less sweet fruit.

The arils (seed casings) of the pomegranate are normally consumed raw.

The entire seed is eaten, though the fleshy outer portion of the seed is also part that is desired.

The taste differs depending on variety of pomegranate and its state of the ripeness.

The acidic juice of pomegranates is used in Indian cookery; thickened and sweetened it makes grenadine syrup, used in cocktail mixing.

Pomegranate seeds are sometimes used as a spice.




Citron

The Citron Citrus medica is a species of citrus fruit. It is characterized by its thick rind and small sections.

Generally, it is eaten preserved or in bakery goods, such as fruitcakes. (The candied peel rather than the fruit is often used in cooking.)

The citron is known as the etrog by religious Jews, who use it in a ceremony on their Sukkoth holiday each fall.

In many non-English languages, a normal lemon is called a "citron" and a lime is called a "lemon", so there is a high chance for getting things mixed up during translations.



Grapefruit

The grapefruit is a sub-tropical citrus tree grown for its fruit.

The evergreen tree is usually found at around 5-6 m tall, although it can reach 13-15 m.

The leaves are dark green, long (up to 15 cm) and thin. It produces 5 cm white four-petal led flowers.

The fruit is yellow-skinned, largely oblate and ranges in diameter from 10-15 cm and has an acidic yellow segmented pulp.

Grapefruit can have a number of interactions with drugs, often increasing the effective potency of compounds.

Grapefruit seed extract is a strong antimicrobial with proven activity against bacteria and fungi.

Grapefruit formed a core part of the so-called grapefruit diet, under the pretext of being able to increase the metabolism and burn fat since grapefruit have a low glycemic index.




Lemon

Lemons are the citrus fruit from the tree Citrus x lemon, a hybrid of cultivated origin.

They are cultivated primarily for their juice, though the pulp and rind are also used, primarily in cooking or mixing.

Lemon juice is about 5% citric acid, which gives lemons a sour taste.

This is a small tree, to 6 m (20 ft) but usually smaller. The branches are thorny, and form an open crown. The leaves are elliptical-acuminate.

Flowers are violet and streaked in the interior and white on the outside.

Both lemons and limes are regularly served as lemonade (natural lemon with water and sugar) or limeade, its equivalent, or as a garnish for drinks such as cola with a slice either inside or on the rim of the glass.

Lemon juice is typically dripped onto battered fish dishes in restaurants in the United Kingdom and other countries—the acidic juice neutralizes the taste of amines in fish.

Lemon juice contains approximately 500 milligrams of vitamin C and 50 grams of citric acid per liter.



Mandarin Oranges

Mandarin oranges, also known as mandarins are a type of citrus fruit which are deep reddish orange in color.

It is deliciously loaded with Vitamins, Minerals and Antioxidants.

It controls cholesterol levels and has beta carotene and Vitamin A which provides better immunity for the body.

It also contains Calcium and Magnesium which contributes better bone health.



Persimmon

Persimmons are a tomato-like-orange fruit which was first grown in China and Japan.

Later on, persimmons grew commercially in Mediterranean and Gulf countries.

This fruit has less amount of Vitamin C and high amount of vitamin A compared to other fruits.

Due to high in Vitamin A, it also helps in improving eye health.

Persimmons are high in flavonoids and antioxidants whichimprove heart health and reduce inflammation.

It is also rich in fiber which can lower cholesterol levels.



Pistachio

The pistachio tree is native to regions of Central Asia, Iran and Afghanistan.

Pistachio seeds were a common food during the Bronze Age.

Pistachios have Vitamin B6 and contains higher amount of antioxidants which improves eye vision and heart health.

Moreover, it is rich in fiber which improves gut health and controls inflammation and is also high in protein, Vitamin E and amino acids.

It also regulates blood sugar level and prevents colon cancer.

Pistachios also prevent Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.



Carob

Carob is a perennial tree native to the Mediterranean and southwestern Asian Countries.

This brown color fruit pod is mostly grown and used in Italy and eaten during Christian holiday of Good Friday.

It is also a healthy alternative of cocoa powder but, however it doesn't taste exactly like chocolate due to its nutty flavor.

Carob is high in fiber and antioxidants which decreases your cholesterol, controls blood sugar level and has copper, calcium, zinc and potassium.

Carob is gluten and caffeine freewhich makes it a healthy alternative for chocolate.

Moreover, you can feed carob your pets as it has no caffeine and sodium.



Apricots

Apricots belong to the prunus sect and are native to Persia.

Apricots are rich in Vitamin A and C and minerals like iron, zinc, calcium and manganese.

Apricots possess a lot of skin benefits and its oil is used for facial and body massage.

It has high antioxidants and fiber, therefore providing a good heart health and it is also good for your blood and bones.

Apricots provide healthy vision and digestion of the body.


Health Benefits of Mediterranean Fruits


Mediterranean fruits are good for weight loss and provides abundant nutrition to the body

It also controls Type 2 Diabetes.

It keeps your heart healthy and reduces the risk of strokes in women.

It has a good amount of antioxidants which helps in preventing the risk of chronic disease.

It can also prevent Alzheimer's disease and improves immunity.

It helps to reduce the risk of cancers like breast cancer, colorectal cancer.

Now, let's see the power-packed fruits of the Mediterranean Countries.





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Special fruits for this week

cantaloupe
Cantaloupe

 

Cantaloupe are served as fresh fruit or as salads or as a dessert with ice cream (Read more)

kiwis
Kiwis

 

kiwifruit will be fairly large and plump with thin "fuzzy" brown skin   (Read more)

pineapple
Pineapple

 

Pineapple fruit is native to the Asian tropics, with a delicate and fresh fragrance   (Read more)