"Fruit is definitely on the maintenance diet. It's on the lifestyle diet."

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Fruits Home  Full List of Fruits  Grapes

GRAPES


SCIENTIFIC NAME: Vitis vinifera.

banana

Grapes are grown for fresh eating, juice, jelly or wine. Seedless grapes are preferred for fresh eating or for raisins. Grapes have good vigour to cover trellis rapidly with thick foliage, perfect for adding some green to a home landscape. Grapes many laterals can easily and quickly spread over a fence, wall trellis, pergola, etc. The fruit from ornamental type grape varieties is more for show not yield and taste. As a result the fruit from these varieties may not be suitable for eating or winemaking.


Grapes should be grown in full sunlight. They can be successfully grown in locations where peaches and sweet cherries will survive the winter and where tomatoes or sweet corn will mature. Well drained sandy loam soils are best for grapes. Clay soils delay maturity of crops and vines, while sandy soils advance maturity. Remember that grape plants are vines and require support usually on a post and wire trellis. Grape vines must be pruned different from fruit trees. Most home gardeners do not prune their grapes hard enough. Pruned grape vines will "bleed". This causes concerns to home gardeners but it is a good sign and the "bleeding" will stop.

Large, seedless, green (white) early. The most winter tender of the seedless grapes grown in this area. Red colour or darker. Seedless and hardy. High quality. Good for fresh eating, juice, jelly or wine.

SHAPES: Grapes are typically an ellipsoid shape resembling a prolate spheroid.

TASTE: Sweet, Tart taste, Slightly tart, Very crunchy.

COLORS: There are Black, Green, Purple/Lavender, Red/Burgundy.

SOME NAMES IN OTHER LANGUAGES:

LANGUAGES

OTHER NAMES

English

grapevine / grape

German

Weinrebe, Weinstock / Traube, Weintraube

Dutch

wijnstok / druif (plural druiven)

Swedish

vinranka/ druva

Danish

vinranke, vinstok / drue, vindrue

Norwegian

vinranke / druer

Icelandic

vnviar / vnber

French

vigne / raisin

Albanian

hardhi

Italian

vite / uva

Spanish

vid, parra / uva

Catalan

vinya, cep / ram

Portuguese

vide, vinha / uva

Tamil

tiratcai

Hindi

Angoor


USES OF GRAPES:

 Fresh fruits, eaten or processed into wine, raisins, juice, with some cultivars adapted for the canning industry.
 Sap of young branches used as remedy for skin diseases. Leaves astringent, used in diarrhoea. Juice of unripe fruit astringent, used in throat affections.
 Dried fruit as demulcent, cooling, sweet, laxative, stomachic, used in thirst, heat of body, coughs, hoarseness, consumption and in wasting diseases.
 The juice, prepared in various manners, is said to remedy for tumours of the tonsils, excrescences of the seat, tumours of the fauces, indurations, tumours of the neck, chronic tumors 6 .
 It's prepared in various manners, is said to remedy for mola, uterine tumors, hardness of the liver, tumours, and cancer.


HEALTH BENEFITS:

 Heart Health
 Brain Health
 Colon Health
 Weight Management
 Skin Health
 Immune Health
 Chemotherapy Symptom Relief


COOKING OF GRAPES:

Grapes are great on their own, in salads or desserts, and as part of a cheese platter. Freeze picked grapes in airtight containers and serve as an after-school snack.

Great with saffron, brie, blue cheese, mascarpone, hazelnuts, walnuts, pastry, chilli, sweet potato, pork, chicken and fish.

It's used for making wine, jam, grape juice, jelly, grape seed extract, vinegar, and grape seed oil, or dried as raisins, currants and sultanas.


NUTRITIONAL VALUES:

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 288 kJ (69 kcal)
Carbohydrates 18.1 g
Sugars 15.48 g
Dietary fiber 0.9 g
Fat 0.16 g
Protein 0.72 g

Vitamins Quantity %DV
Thiamine (B1) 0.069 mg 6%
Riboflavin (B2) 0.07 mg 6%
Niacin (B3) 0.188 mg 1%
Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.05 mg 1%
Vitamin B6 0.086 mg 7%
Folate (B9) 2 g 1%
Choline 5.6 mg 1%
Vitamin C 3.2 mg 4%
Vitamin E 0.19 mg 1%
Vitamin K 14.6 g 2%

Minerals Quantity %DV
Calcium 10 mg 1%
Iron 0.36 mg 3%
Magnesium 7 mg 2%
Manganese 0.071 mg 3%
Phosphorus 20 mg 3%
Potassium 191 mg 4%
Sodium 2 mg 0%
Zinc 0.07 mg 1%

Other constituents Quantity
Water 81 g

TYPES AND VARIETIES OF GRAPES:

cabernet sauvignon grapes
Cabernet Sauvignon Grapes
pinot noir grapes
Pinot Noir Grapes
concord grapes
Concord Grapes
crimson seedless grapes
Crimson Seedless Grapes
cotton candy grapes
Cotton Candy Grapes
gewurztraminer grapes
Gewurztraminer Grapes
kyoho grapes
Kyoho Grapes
lemberger grapes
Lemberger Grapes
moon dropes grapes
Moon Drops Grapes
muscadine grapes
Muscadine Grapes
riesling grapes
Riesling Grapes
sweet jubilee grapes
Sweet Jubilee Grapes
valiant grapes
Valiant Grapes
merlot grapes
Merlot Grapes


TOP COUNTRIES PRODUCING GRAPES:

According to FAO data (2010), the leading grape producing countries in the world in terms of production are China (8,651.83 thousand tons), Italy (7,787.80 thousand tons), USA (6,777.73 thousand tons) and Spain (6,107.20 thousand tons). India's high productivity in grape has made it to reach 18th position in the world as far as production (total world production 67,116.25 thousand tons) is concerned.


Rank

Country/
Region

2018

2017

2016

1

China

13,397,012

13,083,000

12,629,000

2

Italy

8,513,643

7,169,745

8,201,914

3

United States

6,890,970

6,679,211

7,225,636

4

Spain

6,673,481

5,387,379

5,950,719

5

France

6,198,323

5,915,882

6,247,034

6

Turkey

3,933,000

4,200,000

4,000,000

7

India

2,920,000

2,922,000

2,590,000

8

Argentina

2,573,311

1,965,206

1,758,418

9

Chile

2,500,000

2,000,000

2,200,000

10

Iran

2,032,031

1,866,340

2,275,830

11

South Africa

1,901,736

2,032,582

1,966,291

12

Egypt

1,759,472

1,703,394

1,691,194

13

Australia

1,663,557

1,824,431

1,772,911

14

Brazil

1,591,986

1,912,034

985,074

15

Uzbekistan

1,589,784

1,625,511

1,569,739

16

Germany

1,403,597

1,014,235

1,225,570

17

Romania

1,144,305

1,063,340

736,892


HOW TO BUY FRESH GRAPES?

Most table grapes available in food stores are of the European type, grown principally in California and Arizona. Only small quantities of Eastern-grown American-type grapes are sold for table use.
European types are firm-fleshed and generally have high sugar content. Common varieties are Thompson seedless (an early, green grape), Red seedless (an early, red grape), Tokay and Cardinal (early, brightred, seeded grapes), and Emperor (late, deep-red, seeded grapes). These all have excellent flavor when well-matured.
American-type grapes have softer flesh and are juicier than European types. The outstanding variety for flavor is the Concord, which is blue-black when fully matured. Delaware and Catawba are also popular.

Look for: Well-colored, plump grapes that are firmly attached to the stem. White or green grapes are sweetest when the color has a yellowish cast or straw color, with a tinge of amber. Red varieties are better when good red predominates on all or most of the berries. Bunches are more likely to hold together if the stems are predominantly green and pliable

Avoid: Soft or wrinkled grapes, or bunches of grapes with stems that are brown and brittle; these are the effects of freezing or drying. Also avoid grapes with bleached areas around the stem ends (indicating injury and poor quality), and leaking berries (a sign of decay).

For Further information, click the following links
Grapes health benefits and nutrition facts
Grape products
Grapes gallery



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