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Red Mulberry fruit


Introduction of Red Mulberry


            Scientific name - Passiflora capsularis


The fruit Morus rubra is colloquially referred to be Red Mulberry is from the mulberry family originating from the east of North America, The tree falls under the deciduous category with a height of 15m also 20 m sometimes having a trunkís diameter of 50 cm, Their fruit found in groups of drupes which appear to be very small in their size a look alike of the blackberry fruit with a length of 2-3 cm after it ripens turns out to be red at times dark purple too, can be consumed raw containing a pleasant taste added on to it also a perfect flavor.

red mulberry 2

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Nutritional Value of Red Mulberry


Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 180 kJ (43 kcal)
Carbohydrates 9.8 g
Sugars 8.1
Dietary fiber 1.7 g
Fat 0.39 g
Protein 1.44 g
Vitamins
Thiamine (B1) (3%) 0.029 mg
Riboflavin (B2) (8%) 0.101 mg
Niacin (B3) (4%) 0.62 mg
Vitamin B6 (4%) 0.05 mg
Folate (B9) (2%) 6 Ķg
Choline (3%) 12.3 mg
Vitamin C (44%) 36.4 mg
Trace metals
Calcium (4%) 39 mg
Iron (14%) 1.85 mg
Magnesium (5%) 18 mg
Phosphorus (5%) 38 mg
Potassium (4%) 194 mg
Sodium (1%) 10 mg
Zinc (1%) 0.12 mg

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Uses of Red Mulberry


The local Americans use the fruit for the production of beverages, breads and also cakes, dumplings, preservatives , the mixture of the fruits dries part and the animal fat for preparing the pemmican a concentrated mixture of fat and protein used as a nutritious food. The fruit is utilized historically in the place of Appalachia as a consumable raw fruit, pies, jams, jellies, juices and also original wine. The ripened fruit are edible raw or also aids in the preparation of pies, jellies and also jams. They help in making breads, muffins and also cakes, Their wood is used for manufacturing fenceposts, furniture, interior finish, and agricultural implements in the local places where they are planted. The Choctaw Indians and also the natives of the region use the fibre rich inner bark of the premature shoots for weaving cloaks.

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Health Benefits of Red Mulberry


red mulberry 3

The fruits are very beneficial and provides a sizeable amount of Vitamin A, C , protein, calcium, iron and also rich in fiber. Since the fruit contains antioxidant resveratrol properties it aids in boasting up the bodyís health and also the heartís health. The fruit obtains its color from the Anthocyamins which also possess antioxidant properties, The complications of stroke, blood clots are also solved. The excellent digestive ability in the fruit solves Gastroenterological problems, The leaves are used for losing weight, regulating blood pressure levels, reducing the cholesterol levels, adding on bone weight, enhances the skin, reduces hypertension, promotes digestion capabilities, solves constipation too.


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Cultivation


The fruit is mostly domesticated for eating it raw, there also some well established varieties. The tree is no longer domesticated for yielding fruits in Britain. The tree yields fruits only when they attain 10 years of age, larger production of fruits occur in the ages ranging from 30 to 85. It does not produce fruits after the age of 125. A properly grown plant also provides grapes, but the gathering of them is very tedious but they are used in healing fungal based diseases. The roots have a tender texture so must be properly managed when they are domesticated, the pruning process must be done only in the season of winter, theplant must be inactive while pruning as they tend to blees easily. The pruning is apt for the branches which are not in good condition and also the wood which is dead. They withstand attacks from the fungus called honey fungus. The plants are grown separately as male and female only for the purpose of fruit production. The unique features are that the plant does not have a North American origin and is very natural with no flowers blooming in it.

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Propagation


The tree bears fruit only when the tree is between 4 to 10 years of age. They bear fruits till the ages of 30 to 85. The crops containing a proper seed will be produced between 2 or 3 in an average. The fully grown fruits are harvested in the months between April and June. The seeds donít have any specific climatic conditions for planting and can also be kept in the refrigerator during spring for 30 to 90 days. The seeds are cultivated in a distance of 8 to 12 inches distance between them. The germination takes place correctly at the rate of 12-50 percent.

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