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American Chestnut


Introduction of American Chestnut


            Scientific name - Castanea dentata


American chestnut is a large, monoecious deciduous tree of the beech family. Large, round spiny husk i.e. very sharp they are native to hilly forests of China, Japan, Europe, and North America. They appear to be flattened on one side, pointed at one end Fruit (nut) ½ to 1 inch in diameter seasons in early fall.


Indigenous to eastern North America, the American chestnut is from the beech family and it is a large monoecious deciduous tree. It is a rapidly growing hardwood tree that reaches upto 30 meters in height. Its leaves being narrower, it also has longer and more arching teeth. Often they are misinterpreted with Chinese chestnuts, however it has dissimilarities. The fruit is found inside a spiny cupule which is called as "bur" or "burr". Based on the species, varieties and cultivars, the burs are paired on the branch and may contain one to seven nuts. The fruit has a barbed end with a small tuft at its tip.


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Description of American Chestnut



The American Chestnut tree was once a popular species of tree that was native to eastern North America. It was a large deciduous tree that could grow up to 100 feet tall with a trunk diameter of up to 10 feet. The American Chestnut tree was an important part of the forests of the eastern United States and its presence was essential to the ecology of the region. The American Chestnut tree was a major source of food for many species of wildlife, including deer, birds, and squirrels. In addition, the wood of the tree was highly valued for its strength, durability, and color, making it an ideal choice for furniture, flooring, and paneling. The tree was also used for fuel and to make tannin, an ingredient used in the tanning of leather.


American Chestnut trees were easily recognizable because of their smooth gray bark, long, oval leaves, and fragrant white flowers that bloomed in late spring and early summer.The tree was also known for its sweet-tasting nuts, which were popular in baking. Unfortunately, the American Chestnut tree was nearly wiped out of the eastern United States by the early 20th century due to an accidental introduction of a fungal blight. The blight was first spotted in 1904 and quickly spread throughout the range of the species, killing millions of American Chestnut trees within a few decades.


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Method of consumption


The outer layer of the fruit can be peeled and consumed raw, but it can be a bit bitter, especially if the pellicle is not removed. The fruit can also be roasted and eaten, where peeling is not really necessary. After the cooking process of the fruit, it will look like a baked potato with a delicate, sweet and nutty flavor. As far as nuts are concerned, there are several ways to consume them. It can be candied, boiled, steamed, deep fried, grilled, or roasted in sweet or savory recipes. In addition, they are also used to stuff vegetables, poultry, fowl and other edibles.


american chestnut 2

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Nutritional Value of American Chestnut


Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 213 Kcal 11%
Carbohydrates 45.54 g 35%
Protein 2.42 g 4%
Total Fat 2.26 g 10%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 8.1 g 21%
Vitamins
Folates 62 g 15.5%
Niacin 1.179 mg 7%
Pantothenic acid 0.509 mg 11%
Pyridoxine 0.376 mg 29%
Riboflavin 0.168 mg 13%
Thiamin 0.238 mg 20%
Vitamin A 28 IU 1%
Vitamin C 43 mg 72%
Electrolytes
Sodium 3 mg 0%
Potassium 518 mg 11%
Minerals
Calcium 27 mg 3%
Copper 0.447 mg 50%
Iron 1.01 mg 13%
Magnesium 32 mg 8%
Manganese 0.952 mg 41%
Phosphorous 93 mg 19%
Zinc 0.52 mg 5%

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Health Benefits of American Chestnut


american chestnut3

arrow Prevent from anemia.


arrow Cure celiac disease patients.


arrow Rich in Nutrients.


arrow High in Dietary Fiber.


arrow Low in Calories.


arrow Rich in Antioxidants.


arrow Heart Health Benefits.


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Fertilization of American Chestnut


Fertilization of American chestnut is the process of adding nutrients to the soil in order to stimulate growth and health of the chestnut tree. Nutrients such as phosphorus, nitrogen, and potassium are essential for healthy chestnut trees. The most important nutrient for American chestnut trees is phosphorus. Phosphorus helps trees to absorb other essential nutrients and helps to keep the tree healthy. Fertilizing American chestnut trees should be done in late winter or early spring. This is when the trees are emerging from dormancy and beginning to grow.


Fertilizer should be applied in a band around the base of the tree, about a foot away from the trunk. The band should be about three feet wide. The fertilizer should be applied at a rate of one to two pounds of fertilizer per foot of tree height. When fertilizing American chestnut trees, it is important to use a fertilizer that is specifically formulated for chestnut trees. Avoid fertilizers with high levels of nitrogen and potassium, as these can damage the tree. If a chestnut tree is showing signs of nutrient deficiency, such as yellowing leaves or stunted growth, a soil test should be done to determine the exact nutrient needs of the tree. Fertilizing American chestnut trees can help to keep them healthy and encourage good growth. Fertilization should be done on an annual basis in order to ensure the tree stays healthy and productive.

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