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American Chestnut

Introduction of American Chestnut

            Scientific name - Castanea dentata

American chestnut is a large, monoecious deciduous tree of the beech family. Large, round spiny husk i.e. very sharp they are native to hilly forests of China, Japan, Europe, and North America. They appear to be flattened on one side, pointed at one end Fruit (nut) to 1 inch in diameter seasons in early fall.

Indigenous to eastern North America, the American chestnut is from the beech family and it is a large monoecious deciduous tree. It is a rapidly growing hardwood tree that reaches upto 30 meters in height. Its leaves being narrower, it also has longer and more arching teeth. Often they are misinterpreted with Chinese chestnuts, however it has dissimilarities. The fruit is found inside a spiny cupule which is called as "bur" or "burr". Based on the species, varieties and cultivars, the burs are paired on the branch and may contain one to seven nuts. The fruit has a barbed end with a small tuft at its tip.

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Method of consumption

The outer layer of the fruit can be peeled and consumed raw, but it can be a bit bitter, especially if the pellicle is not removed. The fruit can also be roasted and eaten, where peeling is not really necessary. After the cooking process of the fruit, it will look like a baked potato with a delicate, sweet and nutty flavor. As far as nuts are concerned, there are several ways to consume them. It can be candied, boiled, steamed, deep fried, grilled, or roasted in sweet or savory recipes. In addition, they are also used to stuff vegetables, poultry, fowl and other edibles.

american chestnut 2

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Nutritional Value of American Chestnut

Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 213 Kcal 11%
Carbohydrates 45.54 g 35%
Protein 2.42 g 4%
Total Fat 2.26 g 10%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 8.1 g 21%
Folates 62 g 15.5%
Niacin 1.179 mg 7%
Pantothenic acid 0.509 mg 11%
Pyridoxine 0.376 mg 29%
Riboflavin 0.168 mg 13%
Thiamin 0.238 mg 20%
Vitamin A 28 IU 1%
Vitamin C 43 mg 72%
Sodium 3 mg 0%
Potassium 518 mg 11%
Calcium 27 mg 3%
Copper 0.447 mg 50%
Iron 1.01 mg 13%
Magnesium 32 mg 8%
Manganese 0.952 mg 41%
Phosphorous 93 mg 19%
Zinc 0.52 mg 5%

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Health Benefits of American Chestnut

american chestnut3

arrow Prevent from anemia.

arrow Cure celiac disease patients.

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