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Nere Fruit

Introduction of Nere Fruit

            Scientific name - Parkia biglobosa

Parkia biglobosa is a multipurpose perennial deciduous tree having its roots of the Fabaceae family. Commonly recognized as the locust bean tree, they are grown primarily for its pods that are full of sweetish pulp and seeds. Widespread in Africa, the crushing and fermenting of these seeds make up a main economic activity. Also known as African locust bean or nere, various parts of the tree are used for medicinal purposes.

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Description of Nere Fruit

Parkia biglobosa is a dicotyledonous angiosperm, categorized under spermatophytes this deciduous perennial tree can grow up to 20 m and in some cases they can be 7, however it can grow up to 30 metres. Distinguished by a chunky gray-brown bark, the tree is a fire-resistant heliophyte with a dense diffusing crown. With its gland having the shape of a flat ring on the petiole, the leaves of the tree bipinnate up to 40 cm long. It bears flowers that are red or orange, clustered in heads up to 7 cm in diameter. The pods of the tree is called as locust beans, it changes from pink color to dark brown when fully mature.

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Nutritional Value of Nere Fruit

Protein 6.56%
Fat 1.80%
Crude Fibre 11.75%
Ash 4.18%
Carbohydrate 67.30%
Total Carotenoids 49,175ug/ 100g
Ascorbic acid 191.20mg/100g
Crude Saponins 17.80mg/ 100g
Tannins 81.00mg/100g
Total Phenols 204.60mg/ 100g
Hydrocyanic Acid 17.30mg/ 100g

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Health Benefits of Nere Fruit

The tree is known for its multi-use purposes and following are some of the health benefits listed. The best part about the tree is that they are very tolerant to mediocre soil conditions. The bark of the tree is used as a:

Vapor inhalant for toothache and
For ear complaints

They are also macerated in baths for treating

Leprosy also used for
Skin infections
Washes for fever
Violent colic and vomiting
Sterility and, venereal diseases
Guinea worm
Oedema and rickets,
Also used as poison antidote.

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