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Velvet Tamarind

Introduction of Velvet Tamarind

            Scientific name - Dialium indum

Velvet tamarind comes under the Leguminosae family which is tall, growing under tropical climatic conditions and also bears fruits. The fruits are similar to the grapes and are consumable containing hard shells which must not be consumed. Since the fruit contains tamarind flavor it has its English name as tamarind. Taste is both sweet and sour, More than Tamarind it is sweeter, dryier and has powder like consistency with a firm shell. When the fruit is dried it becomes powdery and the orange color possess a tangy flavor. Every fruit contains only one firm seed which is flat, circular, brown in color with a width of 7-8 millimeters and a thickness of 3 mm. The seed is a look alike of a watermelons seed having 2 seeds. The seed has a glossy finish and has a coating of starch.

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Nutritional Value of Velvet Tamarind

Components Amount
Moisture 10.13% and 10.53%
Dry matter 90.15% and 88.4%
Ash 2.55% and 12.52%
Organic matter 12.62% and 41.55%
Crude fat 35.33% and 5.34%
Crude fibre 13.52% and 1.05%
Carbohydrate 43.9% and 58.65%
Protein 17.44% and 3.94%
Total Nitrogen free Extract 2.79% and 0.65%
Magnesium 0.16mg/l and 0.40mg/l
Sodium 2.42mg/l and 2.88mg/l
Iron 0.91mg/l and 1.43mg/l
Calcium 0.54mg/l and 0.35mg/l
Potassium 0.34mg/l and 1.21mg/l

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Health Benefits of Velvet Tamarind

The Velvet Tamarind fruit has a lot of medical applications. The leaf’s decoction is used to solve problems of gastric ulcer. The leaves possess a lot amount of diuretic properties helping in producing urine, also helps the heart to pump blood thus eradicating the complications of hypertension. The barks decoction has medical applications too solving tooth ache.

Also the bark lowers the inflammation from the bronchial tubes solving bronchitis, the leaves decoction is also used in the treatment of jaundice , regulates the blood sugar levels by reducing the sugar levels and intensifies the insulin sensitivity thus curing diabetes. The excellent analgesic properties of the fruit aid in nullifying the menstrual pains. Helps in stopping diarrhea. The pre mature leaves of the velvet tamarind fruits are use to heal the wounds thus promoting the skin and guards it from problems like germs and moisture.

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Cultivation and Propagation

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The plant resists hot, wet, tropical climatic conditions, Mostly grows easily in the tropical climatic conditions preferably grows in the rainy areas as it needs soil which is completely drained , The tree possess the ability to grow in both good and also poor soil, Velvet tamarind trees need a partially shaded place and which is small too, The life span is 15-17 years to the maximum reported by the farmers of the locality ,But there was tree reported to have lived for 40 years , other two trees which grew in nitrogen containing soil closer to an outdoor toilet was reported to be dead when it was 5 years. The plants have a good symbiosis with soil's bacteria the bacteria in turn helps in the production of nodules and incorporate atmospheric nitrogen into it, Parts of the nitrogen are used by the plant but some of it could be used by the surrounding plants too.

The plant can never be cultivated so the process of propagation is not that clearly known, but estimated of growing from the seeds in the forests.

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Uses of Velvet Tamarind

Velvet Tamarind has many uses. The fruit is eaten fresh, dried, or cooked. It can be used to make jams, jellies, and syrups. The leaves are used to make tea, and the wood is used to make furniture, tools, and other items. The fruit is also used to make a traditional African drink called ogogoro.

The pulp and seeds of Velvet Tamarind are also used in traditional medicine. It is said to have antiseptic and antifungal properties, and is used to treat a variety of ailments, from headaches to gastrointestinal problems. It is also used to treat liver and kidney problems, and even cancer.

The bark of the Velvet Tamarind tree is also used in traditional medicine. It is said to have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and antifungal properties, and is used to treat skin conditions such as boils, abscesses, and eczema. It is also used to treat fever, cough, cold, and malaria.

In addition to its medicinal uses, Velvet Tamarind is also used in cosmetics. The oil from its seeds is used as a moisturizer and skin softener, and the extract from its leaves is used as a natural sunscreen. The leaves are also used to make dyes for clothing and fabrics.

In sum, Velvet Tamarind is a versatile plant with many uses. Its fruit can be eaten fresh or cooked, its leaves can be used to make tea or dyes, and its bark and seeds are used in traditional medicine and cosmetics. It is a valuable resource that is used all over the world.

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