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Sweet Pepper

Common Names - Capsicum, chili pepper, hot pepper, cayenne, red pepper, Tabasco paprika pepper, bell pepper, green pepper are some of the common names of sweet pepper.

Origin - Peppers are native to Mexico, Central America and northern South America.

Scientific Name - Capsicum annuum

Ethnic Names - They are called paprika in some other countries.

Appearance - Bell shaped vegetable grown almost throughout the world.
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Sweet pepper tropical fruitNutritions in Sweet pepper

The vegetable is rich in beta carotene, capsaicin and vitamins A and C and comprises of the following nutrients in it

  • Carotenoids (Capsanthin, Capsorubin, Carotene and Lutein)

  • Proteins, Fats, Vitamin A, Vitamin C

  • Capsaicinoid Oleoresin

  • Provitamins E, P, B1, B2 and B3

  • Steroidal Alkaloidal Glycosides (Solanine and Solasadine)

  • Scopoletin (Coumarin)
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Sweet pepper tropical fruitTraditional medicinal uses

  1. The vegetable helps in keeping cholesterol under control.

  2. Regular consumption of capsicum is beneficial for those suffering from diabetes.

  3. Capsicum stimulates stomach secretions and improves digestion.

  4. Capsicum is good for those suffering from constipation.

  5. Capsicum can also be used for treating arthritis, sore back muscles, rheumatism or sprains and bruises.

  6. The vegetable has proved to control colds and fevers.

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Sweet pepper tropical fruitCulinary uses

Sweet peppers are a versatile vegetable that can be used in a variety of dishes. They are available in many different colors, shapes, and sizes, and all of them can be used in a variety of ways.

Sweet peppers can be eaten raw, either as a snack or chopped up and added to salads. They can also be cooked in a variety of ways, including sautéed, roasted, grilled, and stir-fried. Roasting or grilling sweet peppers will bring out their natural sweetness and enhance their flavor.

Sweet peppers can also be used in a variety of sauces and soups, as well as in omelets, quiches, tacos, and burritos. They can also be stuffed with a variety of ingredients, including rice, beans, cheese, and meats. Stuffed peppers can be baked or grilled and served as an appetizer or main dish.

Sweet peppers can also be used to make salsas, chutneys, and relishes. The sweetness of the peppers can be balanced with other flavors, such as garlic and onion, to make flavorful and unique condiments.

Sweet peppers can be added to a variety of dishes for flavor and color. They can be used as a garnish on sandwiches, salads, pizzas, and burgers. They can also be used to add flavor to pasta dishes or added to stews and casseroles.

Sweet peppers are a healthy and flavorful addition to any dish. Their sweet flavor and vibrant colors make them a great addition to any meal.

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Sweet pepper tropical fruit Health Benefits

  1. It helps to normalize blood pressure levels.

  2. It controls blood Pressure and prevents cancer.

  3. The rich vitamin C content present in it mainly prevents Blood Clotting.

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Sweet pepper tropical fruit Varieties of Sweet pepper

Sweet peppers are available in various colours such as green, red, yellow, orange and more rarely, white, rainbow (between stages of ripening) and purple. Green peppers are less sweet and slightly more bitter than red, yellow or orange peppers.

The taste of ripe peppers depend on the growing conditions and post-harvest storage treatment. The more sweetest is the most riped fruit. When compared to green peppers, red peppers have more vitamins and nutrients and contain the antioxidant lycopene.

The level of carotene, like lycopene, is nine times higher in red peppers. Red peppers have double the amount of vitamin C content as in green peppers. One large red bell pepper contains around 207 mg of vitamin C, which is double the content of vitamin C in an average orange.

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